This page was updated on 12 April 2012 

HOME AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES
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Commando Cadillac Commando V-100

In the 1963 the Cadillac Gage Company build the first prototype of the Commando.

Engine: Chrysler 361 petrol on the left side of the vehicle.
Gearbox: manual 5 speed with high/low
Speed water: 5.5 km/h
Leaf spring suspension, power steering, 5000 kg hydraulic winch.

Amphibious only with preparation and propelled with the wheels

The recovery version has an A frame at the front and a 12500 kg hydraulic winch.
The Commando V-150 (more powerful armament) has the same engine or can be fitted with a V6 Cummins diesel. an auto gearbox 3 speed is an option.

Info and picture was send in by Harold Smith

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CAMI AMPHIBIOUS RESPONDER (2012)

Cami stand for "Cool Amphibious Manufacturers International" and that is a little bit to long. ;-)


Engine: independent highway and marine (Any manufacturer choice of the buyer)
Gearbox: (Any manufacturer choice of the buyer)
Suspension:  air ride 5 link system
Speed land: 110 km/h water 12 km/h she has a displacement hull

The water propulsion sticking out at the rear wood prevent a civilian license plate in most places on earth.
But she is on my list of things to buy when I win the lottery.



Cami Hydra-Terra look under Hydra-Terra
Camanf Camanf (1978)

Fewer than 30 were built based on the Ford 6x6 F-7000 chassis.

Based on a modified Ford 6X6 F-7000 Chassis, with a locally build
Engine: Detroit diesel 4-54n 147 hp
Length: 9500 width: 2500 height: 2650 mm
Speed land: 72 km/h water: 14 km/h
Range: 430 km
Tires: 9,00x20

She is propelled in the water by a propeller at the rear.

It looks like a GMC DUKW but is 2500 mm wide, (street legal wide) and things like headlamps, cooling and suspension are very differed.

Picture was send in by Michael Boyd.

Canadair-Fisher

Canadair-Fisher
Canadair Fisher (1963 to 1964) (Air-roll)

Designed by Gordon Fisher!
Also known as the CL-213 or for USA military the X-209

Engine: Rotax 9 hp
Load: 250 kg
Speed land: 19 water: 4 km/h.
The hull is made from reinforced fibreglass.

The outside caterpillar tracks look complicated but
do in fact roll back under there support.
The rolls are driven by a caterpillar track under the vehicle.
In that way they are there own support rollers.

It is called an Air-roll track and it has 8 tires on each side.
Canadair RAT CL-61 CL-70

Canadair RAT CL-61 CL-70

Canadair RAT CL-61 CL-70 steering
Canadair RAT CL-61 (1956)

A Canadair Vehicle Division was formed in 1956.
It's first project was the RAT (Remote Articulated Track), a light vehicle, amphibious and air drop-able, for transporting personnel and equipment over difficult terrain.

Engine: 35-hp Volkswagen air- cooled flat 4-cylinder mounted behind the driver.
Gearbox: York Gears 4 + 1
Speed land/snow: 30 km/h water: 5 km/h

Right foot is for the gas, left foot for the clutch.
No breaks ! ! !

To stop a Rat you put the gears in neutral. ;-)

Length: 3980 width: 1220 height: 1550 mm
Weight 700 kg; load: 300 kg (tractor)
Weight of the trailer is unknown load: 1000 kg

Suspension.: solid,; 6 pneumatic. tires.
The Track has the same wide as the vehicle!

It had an unique articulating transfer joint. ;-)
It was steered by pulling 2 cables between tractor and the powered trailer.

A total of 6 RAT's CL-61 prototype where build

In Popular Science September 1959 there was an article about the Rat.


Canadair RAT CL-70 (1956) production version of the CL-61

30 where build
24 went to the Canadian Army
2 to the Swedish Army
2 to the New Jersey Mosquito Control Authority
1 to the Canadian Department of Mines and Resources
1 to the Department of Northern Affairs

The RAT was an inspiration for later more successful Swedish vehicles. ;-)
Canadair Dynatrac CL-91 XM-571

Canadair Dynatrac CL-91 XM-571

Canadair Dynatrac CL-91 XM-571

Canadair Dynatrac CL-91 XM-571

Official US Army pictures
Canadair Dynatrac CL-91 XM-571 (1962)

It's a tracked, amphibious, two or three unit articulated hauler, the two or three units are connected by articulation joints that permits the units to steer up to 30 degrees from the centreline.

Engine: 65 hp 2.3L GM Corvair air-cooled flat 6-cylinder
80 Octane Fuel (Minimum)
24 Volt Military Type Ignition
12 Volt Starting System
Gearbox: Dana 4-speed
Transfer-box: 2 speed
Speed snow: 50 km/h water: 3 km/h (loaded)
Length: 6090 width: 1580 height: 1520 mm
Weight: 3300 kg
Parking brake: large disc brake on the drive-shaft
Crew: 2 and 8 passages (plus on tow 12 skiers)

Coupled, the two units are steered by hydraulic rams.
Uncoupled, the front unit steers by track brakes.
The parking brake is a large disc on the drive-shaft.

US Army did buy 57 CL-91 but they are known as XM-571.
XM-571 was used in Vietnam as an ammunition carrier.

Differences between the RAT and Dynatrac are:
1- the engine was moved forward to the front freeing space for troops.
2- Dynatrac's drive sprocket positions were reversed.
That way the sprocket is more close to the articulated joint, that allowed for quick disconnection and the possibility of a third powered trailer.

Canadair did draw the Dynatrac II.
Canadair was closed down in 1976.
Canagem Challenger

Canagem Challenger
Canagem Challenger 4x6 (19xx)

slmshde09 has emailed me:

We purchased this 3 summers ago
and really do not know much about it
other than it is a blast!
It was made in Canada by a company called Canagem.
It is a 4x6 the rear two axles are driven.

After that I found out that:

It was made in Nepean Ontario years ago
by Canagem atv industries ltd.

Rear engine 2 seater with fibreglass body,
set up similar to a JD Gator
but the rear 4 are constant drive.
Tracks and skis where an option.
Canterbury (1959)

Canterbury (1959)

Canterbury (1959)

Canterbury (1959)

Canterbury (1959)
Canterbury Belle (1959)

The world first (and only)
(powered) Amphibious side car.

I wonder how I can live without it. ;-)

The side car can carry two passengers
or one passenger and some luggage

Engine: air cooled 80 cc J.A.P. 19 hp
Clutch only. No reverse
Speed: 5 knots but some say 11 knots.

The speed of the boat is slightly higher with two persons on-board then with one person.

Price at the time 175 UK pound complete with chassis

It was build, with a skeleton of timber formers clothed in marine ply.

Canterbury (1959)

Canterbury (1959)

Canterbury (1959)
Caraboat

Caraboat
Caraboat (1973)

An amphibious caravan (camper trailer)
It takes the wheels into in the water.

It was built between 1971 and 1973 by
Caraboat Ltd, 6 Mansfield Road,
Sutton in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire,
also known as T & R Carr & Son.

The hull was built by Bourne Plastics at Langer, Nottinghamshire.
The Internal trailer was built by Bramber Engineering Ltd.

Pictures and info come from
www.caraboat.com that is run by a group of people that keep this beauties on the road.
Cara Cruiser
Cara Cruiser

number of berths ?????

kitchen with sink and oven/grill
It has a fridge
There is even a toilet/wash-room


When used as caravan !!!
Then the outboard engine MUST be removed
The rear support legs lowered when you climb in and out,


An amphibious caravan (camper trailer)
Leaves the wheels on land.


No photo
Carafloat

Glider launched a 16 ft amphibious model called the Carafloat.

Cardox prototypes (1987  1994)  From the time it still was Covelink.

Covelink

Mark - 2
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Mark - 3
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covelink

Mark - 4


Covelink

Covelink
Cardox Limited - The Jetbus (2007)

Known before as Covelink

Engine: 3ˇ5-litre turbocharged, Yanmar four-cylinder diesel 240 hp
Gearbox: 4-speed automatic gearbox with manual shift option,
Transmission: rear-wheel drive.
Water propulsion: water jet

Speed land 100 km/h water: over 12 km/h ??

After 15 years of development Cardox Limited produced a fast, efficient, safe water and land going vehicle.  Besides the bus models they also made a truck version.

It has water jet propulsion and a unique steering systems and many other innovative features.

This firm came into funding problems in 2009 and has ended after 22 years
www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/yourbusiness/2897945/Amphibian-is-left-without-a-paddle.html

David Royle spent 22 years developing the Jetbus and he was 70 year old when he ended his firm.

The hull was build by A&M Fabrications www.amfabs.com/
Catagator Catagator http://www.route6x6.com

You can find more about this machine in the museum of ROUTE6x6.

Picture used with permission from ROUTE6x6.

Goer Caterpillar Goer (1961)

Special page

Made by Caterpillar and it comes in three flavours,
a cargo version 8 tons M 520 / M877
a wrecker version 10 tons M 553
and the tanker 8 tons M 559
see the special page for more info.

Le Tourneau-Westinghouse has build 15 tons versions in 1959 but they where to large to be usefully in comparison with the 8 tons versions.

Pictures where made at the:
General George C. Marshall museum located Zwyndrecht NL.

The Museum has moved.

Cayman Cayman 4x4 off-road amphibian
Engine: 90 hp
Speed land: 75 water: 7 km/h
Pressure in tires, 0.1-2.5 kg/cm
Fuel tank: 40 litre
Fuel consumption: l/100km 17 h
Weight: 2000 load: 500 kg

This vehicle floats mainly by the big tyres.

CEFA EFA

CEFA EFA

CEFA EFA

CEFA EFA

CEFA EFA

CEFA EFA
CEFA EFA DSC00859 (1985 1996)

CEFA was a part of EWK until 1985.

It has the Schottel from the M3
the axle retraction system is M3/Bison

Info came from Aurélien from CEFA

The vehicle moves thanks to two hydro jets at the rear of the hull, that can swivel 360°

To build a bridge of 100 meter length, it takes four vehicles and only 10 minutes.

Crew 4
Bridge length 23,68 m Raft length 34,55 m

2 EFA combined as a raft can transport up to 150 tons

Weight 43.000 kg
Speed 75 km/h on road
The hull and ramps are mostly build out of aluminium.

CEFA Gillious II

CEFA Gillious II

CEFA Gillious II
CEFA Gillois type II
(Original 1961? but the upgrade is from ?)

Amphibian truck/bridge layer.

This is the upgrading by CEFA of the French Gillois ferry to improve its capacity from MLC30 to MLC 50.

Weight: 45 000 kg
Crew 4 but a minimum of 2 are needed to operate the vehicle.

The First-generation inflatable rubber-side floats have been replaced by bigger Kevlar/neoprene float.

The implementation is no longer manually but hydraulically driven, preparation time is now 5 minutes.

The amphibious bridge in this modern form was the brainchild of French General Gillois.

Centaur Centaur

From the company that introduced the world famous amphibious ARGO in 1967.

It is half a truck,
half an ATV,
half a boat
half a snow machine.

OK, that is a lot of half's :) and maybe you will need them all :-)

Engine: 26 hp diesel or 31 hp gasoline
load: 680 kg

www.argoatv.com

Centipede Centipede http://www.route6x6.com

You can find more about this machine in the museum of ROUTE6x6.

Picture used with permission from ROUTE6x6.

BARV Centurion BARV

(Beach Armoured Recovery Vehicle)
(Royal Ordnance Centurion) (Great Britain)

This is a Centurion tank, with it's turret removed, and a very tall superstructure fitted in it's place, with the exhaust pipes routed up to the top.

It does not float!
it's job is to wade about in the shallows during an amphibious landing, pushing stranded landing craft back out into deeper water, or pulling sinking/stalled land vehicles up the beach.
It's fording capability is listed as 2895 mm. About twice that of a normal AFV.
It may not be very desirable as an amphibian in it's own right, but it be handy to have around when you're testing your new prototype.

The info was send in by Harold Smith.

BARV Patrick Costello has wrote me:

I got some pictures of a B.A.R.V.
(Beach Armoured Recovery Vehicle)taken on Army Navy exercise in The Persian Gulf in 1963. When in the Gulf, 1963 -1964, in Army Beach Troop, Royal Engineers, my job was to grease all the wheels after the B.A.R.V had been in the sea.

The B.A.R.V. was crewed by 3 R.E.M.E. personnel. It was used to push L.C.T's (Landing Ship Tanks) back off the beaches in Saudi Arabia and Sir Bani Yas, an island were we used to do exercises.
Flames used to roar out of the twin high mounted fishtail exhausts when it started up, a frightening sight to the ships officers, as they knew then that the B.A.R.V was about to charge,
(it was only supposed to push but a running bump, cushioned by a bundle of branches strapped to the front would soon shift the ships, and only dent the bow doors a bit)
If you want to send E-Mail to the amphibious web master Hans Rosloot