This page was updated on 20 April 2014  
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Eagle (1970)

Eagle Amphibious ATV - All Terrain Vehicle
It has a Croco type construction.

Needs floats to be amphibious, (option E1012)

Steel hull, fibreglass body
Engine: 12 hp Kohler
Length: 2300 width: 1600 height: 1250 without optional wind-shield
Weight: 650 kg load land 500 kg
Speed land: 32 km/h water: 3 km/h
Seats: 4

It is normal 2 WD but 4 WD can be selected.

A known modification is a propeller on the rear differential.
EDAG flood rescue vehicle. (2007)

EDAG flood rescue vehicle. (2007)
EDAG flood rescue vehicle. (2007)

The problem with flooded areas is the shallow water and the unseen underwater obstacles.

This Amphib has a smooth aluminium hull for better shallow-water performance.

To decrease the risk of in tangling the wheels in barb wire e.c.t., the wheels can be lowered or raised with the press of a button.

The vehicle can seat up to ten people.

Engesa Urutu Engesa Urutu (Brazil)

The basic version of this vehicle is an unremarkable 6x6 APC propelled in the water by it's wheels. The Brazilian Marines, however, have a much modified version, with propellers and high-level breathing pipes, which is allegedly capable of operating offshore, in an amphibious assault role.

The info was send in by Harold Smith.

Europajeep for beginners ;-).

Once up on a time in 1966 some politicians (France, Germany, Italy) made it look like a good idea
to cooperate on the development on a lightweight standard military vehicle.

I think they where a bit jealous on the USSR for all there nice amphibious toys.
but the forgot that the man in charge there used to say I want a new toy for the end of the year or you go to Siberia

The idea was a small amphibious design that could be mass produced in and after 1970.
Engine:  40 to 50 hp
Four wheel drive
Speed: 95 km/h  Radius: 800 km
Weight: 1500 kg  Load: 500 kg  Trailer: 750 kg
To be dropped by parachute and also amphibious
± 50,000 vehicles where to be build

Three independent groups where to build prototypes to compete for the final order.

1:  Glas/MAN, Fiat and Renault later Fiat, M.A.N, Saviem
2:  NSU, Moto Guzzi and Panhard/Citroën
3:  Büssing, Hotchkiss and Lancia

Developing  a prototype cost money and I think they where payed by the hour. ;-)
Most amateur builders have there amphibious vehicle road ready in a little over 2 years!

Only the first and the third groups had a prototype ready for testing in 1970.
But further development was so slow that in 1976 the vehicle was not production ready.

In 1971 a fourth group, MBB a child of Glas/BMW Germany came with a prototype.

France left the program in 1976 and developed the TRM 500, C44 and the P4.
Germany also left 1976,  in 1977  the VW 183 "Iltis" was selected as vehicle for the Bundeswehr.
Those vehicles are not amphibious.
Europajeep (1960) Fiat, M.A.N, Saviem from France, Germany, Italy

Europajeep (1960) Fiat, M.A.N, Saviem from France, Germany, Italy

Europajeep (1960) Fiat, M.A.N, Saviem from France, Germany, Italy

Europajeep (1960) Fiat, M.A.N, Saviem from France, Germany, Italy
Wiki by HornM201

Europajeep (1960) Fiat, M.A.N, Saviem from France, Germany, Italy with propeller
Europajeep (1966) Truck 0.5T gls (4 x 4) FMS  (Glas/MAN and (Fiat later on Saviem))

The goal was a light-weight 4x4 Amphib (1500 kg without a the load: of 500 kg)
The plan was to replace in 1970 the M201, the Munga and the Campagnola
The hole project was cancelled in 1976 when France and Germany pulled out.

Engine: petrol water-cooled 4 cylinder in-line 1955 cc 75 hp
Engine: air-cooled 4-cylinder in-line multi-fuel MAN labeled L 9204 FMV
Gearbox: 5 + 1 Saviem
A special off-road ratio is not available, but the 1st gear designed as an off-road gear

Length: 4050 Width: 1600 Height: 1935 mm
Weight: 2140 kg Load: 500 kg

Fuel: 100 l Range road: about 800 km
Speed land: 100 Water 7.6 km/h)
Seats: 8

In the bottom photo is a FMS with a propeller.

Europajeep (1960) Fiat, M.A.N, Saviem from France, Germany, Italy with propeller
Wiki by HornM201
Europajeep (1960) Fiat, M.A.N, Saviem from France, Germany, Italy with propeller
Wiki by HornM201
Fun fact:
The driver has 2 handles left & right of the hand brake, giving 16 different possibilities.
Front-wheel or rear-wheel or all-wheel drive and ALL that
with or without the water jet AND with or without the Winch.
Only Water jet or only winch is possible
Water jet AND winch is also possible

They say the Italian army had some of the FMS Europa Jeeps in service.
But if that is true where are they NOW???

Germany had 4 prototypes for testing:
One was the first prototype from 1972 (now in private hands)
The other 3 are "Truck 0,5 T gls (4x4) FMS" from 1975
(one owned by the bundeswehr in Koblenz, two are in private hands)

NSU, Moto Guzzi and Panhard/Citroën

I can not find any thing about there prototype, maybe it stopped at the drawing board.
Europajeep (1968) Hotchkiss, Büssing, Lancia

Europajeep (1968) Hotchkiss, Büssing, Lancia

Europajeep (1968) Hotchkiss, Büssing, Lancia
Wiki by HornM201
Europajeep (1968) Hotchkiss, Büssing, Lancia
Wiki by HornM201
Europajeep (1968) Hotchkiss, Büssing, Lancia Wiki by HornM201
Europajeep (1968) Truck 0.5T gls (4 x 4) HBL  (Hotchkiss, Büssing and Lancia)

In 1966 agreement was reached to develop a new 'Europa-Jeep' that would meet the need of all the European armies a light-weight (1500 kg) amphibious 4x4 design to replace the M201, the Munga and the Campagnola.

In Germany the name was FVK "Führungs- und Verbindungs-Kraftfahrzeug" and
in France the new Jeep was named the VCL "vehicle de commandement et de liaison"
although it was generally referred as the 'Europa-Jeep'.

2 prototypes had:
Engine: petrol carburettor 4 cylinder boxer Lancia 208 000 1991 cc 74 hp
Gearbox: 5 + 1 manual - Messrs. Hotchkiss, system Borg Warner fully synchronized
2 prototypes had:
Engine: Petrol Injection Lancia 208 404 2086 cc 92 hp
Gearbox: torque converter to a 4 + 1 manual

Length: 4140 Width: 1600 Height: 1960 mm
Weight: 1750 kg Load: 500 kg
Trailer weight: 500 kg
Speed land: 100 km/h Water 10,5 km/h)
Water propulsion: water jet

Fuel: 110 l
Range: 730 km
Seating: 4 + 2 jump seats

Europajeep (1968) Hotchkiss, Büssing, Lancia
French translation:
Helice = propeller
Pompe d epuisement = bilge pump.

Europajeep (1971)  MBB from Germany

Europajeep (1971)  MBB from Germany

Europajeep (1971)  MBB from Germany

Europajeep (1971)  MBB from Germany
Europajeep (1971) MBB (Messerschmitt, Bolkow and Blohm) from Germany

MBB was a child of Glas/BMW Germany (1966-1972)
It was to be  the fourth company that made a proposal for Jeeps to be used by the united European Army.
The combination of Glas/MAN, Fiat and Renault had plans in 1960, but those never got of the ground.

Engine: water cooled 4 cylinder BMW 2000 1990 cc 80 hp
Engine: air cooled 4 cylinder M.A.N. L 9094 FMV 2 2417 cc 70 hp
Gearbox: 4 speed + 1
Transfer-box 2 speed 4x4 but normal rear wheel drive
Speed land: 105 water: 8 km/h
Length: 3500 width: 1700 height: 1835 mm
Weight: 1300 load: 500 kg
Speed land: 110 km/h
Range: 800 km
Tyres: 185 x 14 OR 7.00-16
Water drive: propeller
Hull: fibreglass

It came to late!
Every European country had build there own NOT amphibious "Jeep"
Evans Oruktor Amphibolos

Evans Oruktor Amphibolos

Evans Oruktor Amphibolos

Evans Oruktor Amphibolos

Evans Oruktor Amphibolos
Evans  Oruktor Amphibolos, or "Amphibious Digger" (1805)

In 1805 Oliver Evans constructed  the world's first amphibious vehicle, for the Philadelphia Health Service.
The maiden voyage occurred in July 1805, on a one and a half mile journey, from Central-Square to the Schuykill coast. That was also the first route made by a steam vehicle in the USA.

But it was also the only and the last time the digger was on the road.

Engine: steam 5 hp
Gearbox: NONE only 1 wheel was driven in early drawings
Weight was 15 000 kg
Length: 9900 mm wide 4000 mm
Steering: NONE????
New Price: US$ 4.000 Scrap value: US$ 31.10

No technical drawings survived, all info comes from later drawings and writings by Oliver Evans.

She was a heavy flat-bottomed boat, with a chain of buckets to bring up the mud, and hooks to clear away sticks, stones, and other obstacles. These buckets are driven by a small steam engine set in the boat, the cylinder of which is five inches diameter, and the length of stroke is 480 mm.

It is known that the wheels OR the WAGON it was placed on, collapsed a short distance from the work shop, in Philadelphia's Centre Square at the corner of Ninth and High street and it was standing there for six months.
Evans charged $ 0.25 to look at it. ;-)
No proof was found that it moved under its own power.

The circumference of a wheel is ± 3000 mm !!
For every engine stroke it moved 15000 kg ± 3000 mm? That is not possible!
Steam tractors (1870's) have a gear reduction and a chain reduction!
Evens later drawings shows a belt driving the larger rear wheel from the smaller front wheel
that is corrected in an even later drawing. both wheels have then the same size.
Evens also tried to move the launch date from 1805 to 1804 (steamboat patents ??)
It is likely that the route to the river was down hill, that made moving the beast a bit easy.
Maybe they used a capstan winch to pull the vehicle forward?
She was launching, July, 1805

As a mud digger (dredge) is was not a success, she laid in active for years.
 Finally in 1808, they finally gave up and paid Evans what he said he was owed then scraped the vehicle.

If that all is true: It is the first abandoned motor vehicle in history!

In the bottom photo a more realistic MODEL.
In witch a leather belt driven from the paddle wheel drives a rear wheel.
But 15 metric tons? If that belt does not slip? Will that wheel have any grip on the road?
Above that a painting from 1947.

Photo ©
Andreas Mehlhorn
ALF 1 in action

EWK Alf-1 (Amphibisches LöschFahrzeug) (1968)

Special page

The Alf was a request by the State of Rheinland-Pfalz to have an amphibious fire fighting vehicle at the Rhein river.

First, EWK "Eisen Werke Kaiserslautern" tried to build that ALF on base of the M2 it became the ALF-1. But the ALF-1 had the problem of capsizing when they shot the water cannon to the side (action and reaction). To counter that, the width was increased, making the vehicle forbidden for roads. But the vehicle must be able to use the roads to get faster to the accidents than on waterway.

Anyway, after a long time of try and error, the ALF-1 was usable, slightly wider than allowed (but got a special permission).

Alf 1 EWK Alf-1 (Amphibisches LöschFahrzeug)

Special page

In 1987 the ALF-1 had his wheels removed and the hull closed. Making it "just" a boat.

The ALF 1 had a system to make a cloud of water aerosol around the vehicle so it could swim through areas of burning oil/fuel.

In 1992 the Alf-1 retired in the "Technik_Museum" in Speyer in Germany

Much of the Info and de first photo was send in by Andreas also from Germany.

Alf-2 EWK Alf-2 (Amphibisches LöschFahrzeug)

When the development of the Bison was finished, EWK started a second attempt on base of the Bison, for a fire fighting vehicle, the ALF-2, and where successful immediately.

The Bison was narrow enough for the roads and by its inflatable floats stable enough to shoot a water beam to every direction while being afloat. Actually, these floats are not needed for floating, they are just for stabilization.

For the ALF-2, the floats were not inflatable but were pontoons that were pivoted from the cargo bed (since there is no cargo) to their operating positions, which also opened the working deck with the water cannons and increased the working deck surface.

ALF-2 also had a system to make a cloud of water aerosol around the vehicle so it could swim through areas of burning oil/fuel.

The ALF-2 prototype was built on EWK's own costs. The strange thing is that since the ALF-1 did not fulfil the expectations, the ALF-2 was never bought by any fire service.

Info send in by Andreas from Germany

EWK APE (1977)

EWK APE (1977)
EWK APE (1977) (EWK with Daimler-Benz)
(Amphibisches Pionier-Erkundungsfahrzeug)

In English that is an Amphibious Engineer Reconnaissance Vehicle.
4 where delivered to the German Army, 1 ( The Alligator?) was bought back for more testing by EWK.

Length: 6930 width: 3080 height: (to hull top) 2400 mm
Weight combat: 14 500 kg

Engine: Mercedes-Benz OM 402A V-8 liquid-cooled diesel developing 320 hp at 2500 rpm
gearbox: ZF 4 HP 500-1 6-speed automatic with torque converter
Speed land: 83 water: 12 km/h
Range: 800 km
Crew: 2 plus 10 in troop compartment)

Steering: hydraulic

Low-pressure balloon tyres 20.50 × 25 XL
Tyre pressure regulation system
Hydraulic retraction of the wheels when swimming
The two Schottel four-bladed propellers can swivel 360 degrees.
Wheels and propellers can be driven at the same time to assist in climbing out of the water



EWK Bison (1980 to 1991)

It was made in Germany by EWK "Eisenwerke Kaiserslautern" Homburg Saarland Germany

Engine:Air-cooled Klockner-Humbold-Deutz V8 turbodiesel 320 hp
Gearbox: ZF 6HP 500 automatic 6 forward 1 reverse
Transfer-box: A 6003 D 3 x output with diff-lock

Tyre pressure can be adjusted while driving

Length: 9340 Width: 2500 height: 3400 mm
Weight: 11000 kg Load: 5000 kg (legal) (technical 7000 kg)

Speed land: 80 km/h (Technical 100 km/h) water: 12 km/h
Range 900 km or 7 hours in the water

Water propulsion: 2 Schottel steering propellers 50 mm (360 rotatable)
mechanical driven and hydraulically rotated
Bilge pumps: 4 x KSB 200 l/min

Bison Bison Bison Bison

The picture was send in by Willem from Holland and the info came from Andreas from Germany
No picture EWK EFA (1985)

Development started at EWK's daughter CEFA

CEFA was a part of EWK until 1985. CEFA became independent in 1985 and since then it is autonomous. It has an improved SPJ55 pump-jet from Schottel.
Wheels can be retracted with their frame inside the hull.

The first contract for EFA was awarded to CEFA in 1989 from the French Army.

There for the EFA can be found under CEFA

Gillois EWK Gillois type I (2a) amphibian truck/bridge layer.

Build by EWK which means "Eisen Werke Kaiserslautern"

The vehicle was the brainchild of French General Gillois during the 1950s, and he chose EWK to realise his concept.

Total weight incl. bridge sections ± 29.000 kg.
It is a 4X4 with retractable wheels

The Engine is a Deutz type F 12 L 714 air-cooled diesel.
Capacity 19 Litre V-90.
Max. revolution 2200 r.p.m. with 250 PK.

Length 12330 mm.
Width 3192 mm.
Height 3900 mm.

Bridge length 8 m. per bridge section
Breadth ± 4 m., left and right folding gangways 700 mm. width.
Capacity class 6

The floats are made by Deutsche Schlauchboot Fabrik
Type K 14/111 SYM
Length 11 m.
Diameter CENTRE 1.40 m.
Weight 196 kg.
Air Capacity 15 m3
Air Compartments 9

M2  M2 and M2B (Comet) TM 5420 (1954)

Special page

Amphibious Bridging and Ferrying Equipment (M2)
Build by EWK there partner in developing was Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz. The competitor model M1 was made by MAN and Krupp (which did not belong to Thyssen back then). But M1 failed and the army decided for M2.The M2 were developed 1954+ and produced until 1982 for many armies of the NATO and other "western" countries (389 vehicles).

The M2 offers full cross country as well as floating capabilities. It is used to cross rivers and other inland waters with a water current velocity of up to 3 m/s. It operates either as a single ferry or, in a combined configuration (several open- or close-coupled single ferries), as a multiple ferry, or as a single element within a bridge structure. The loading capacity of the single ferry provides for a 12000 kg useful load, allowing up to Military Load Class MLC 60 for multiple ferries and bridges.

M3 1994

M3 1994

Schwarze Mamba Grave
M3 (1994)

This is the successor of the M2, its full name is:
AMPHIBIOUS EQUIPMENT M3 and it is optimised for high availability and low operating costs than its predecessors. Faster readiness for operation, higher mobility, reduction in manning costs due to increased automation of the control functions.

It's bigger than the M2 but it has 4 wheel steering

Development began in 1982 and lasted 10 years, in 1992, the last testing sample was delivered. A first order of 64 serial vehicles came in in 1994.

The M3 is the result of 40 years of experience of EWK in the fields of design, development and production of floating bridges and ferrying equipment.
The new equipment offers the following performance:
A 100 m bridge able to carry MLC 70 T/MLC 100 W constructed in less than 20 minutes
A two-bay ferry able to carry MLC 70 T
A three-bay ferry able to carry MLC 100 W or two times MLC 70 T
Ability to operate in current speeds of up to 3.5 m/s

First two photo's are made by Keith Dodds
Photo of Schwarze Mamba send in by Arnd
No Picture EWK "Eisenwerke Kaiserslautern"

There is a difference between the M2 and the M2B
M2B is the refit version but what is this refitted?
when I know what it is, I put it on this page.

If you want to send E-Mail to the web master Hans Rosloot