This page was updated on 14 march 2016
HOME AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES
To view a larger image in a new window you have to one click the small photo's.
No picture Hagglunds BGBV 82 ARV (Armored Recovery Vehicle)

Like the BARV, this would be a dammed handy thing to have around: it has a dozer blade, a huge winch, a small crane, and an open-topped cargo bay capable of holding a tank engine.
It's fully amphibious, achieving 8 km/h propelled just by it's tracks, which is pretty good.

The same company's PBV 302 APC has a similar capability which is, apparently, due to a combination of special tracks and carefully designed track guards.

A related vehicle is the Brobv 941 - the world's only amphibious bridge laying vehicle. The bridge (normally carried and launched from above the hull) is buoyant, and is towed behind the vehicle when it swims.

The info was send in by Harold Smith.

No picture Hagglunds Brobv 941

The Brobv 941 is the world's only amphibious bridge laying vehicle.
The bridge (normally carried and launched from above the hull) is buoyant, and is towed behind the vehicle when it swims.
We are taking amphibious bridge and amphibious vehicle!
The info was send in by Harold Smith.
BV 206 Hagglunds BV 206 or M973

It is a high mobility personnel/cargo carrier. This vehicle is light weight for mobility on soft ground, deep snow and steep grades and is amphibious.
In US service the vehicle is called the M973 carrier, cargo, tracked, 1 1/2 ton SUSV (small unit support vehicle).
Engine: Ford-V6 turbo diesel 136 hp
Speed land: 50 water: speed is 3.2 km/h
10.5 hours of fuel endurance on 83 gallons diesel fuel
Two separate 48 kW tracked drive trains.
HALF SAFE Half Safe (1947)

Special page

Frederick Benjamin (Ben) Carlin (1912-1981) was born in Northam, Western Australia. He had seen amphibious Jeeps in India during the war and decided that one could drive, and swim, around the world. After the war he went to America determined to buy a Jeep and to make such a trip. He also married Elinore, an American, who despite being highly susceptible to sea-sickness sailed out with him on this trip.

He did drive and sailed all the way around the world!!

He is the only one who ever did this!!!

He also hold the record for the smallest motorized ship to cross the oceans.

no picture Hanebrink The Box 1977 see The BOX
James Harrell Harrell

Special page

James, a mechanical engineer in California has revived this project, since the original inventor has passed away.

The wheels on this vehicle retract in the water to reduce friction for increased speed.
The goal is to operate on land at up to 130 and in water up to 60 km/h

The rear view picture shows the Berkeley jet drive and it is driven by PTO.

Havel Spyder 6x6 Havel Spyder 6x6 (2009)

Made in the CZECH REPUBLIC a small size Amphib.
There is also a 8x8 model.

Engine: Briggs Stratton 18 HP, 480 ccm, four-stroke air cooled two-cylinder with electric starting
Body: fiberglass, 4 upholstered seats
Fuel tank 32 liter
Fuel gauge, rev counter and running hour counter

Special: after tilting the back seats there is space to load cargo.
Heking

Heking

Heking

Heking

Heking 2016

This company makes Amphibious Excavators in many shapes.

Applications: - Swamp work - Deepening of waterways and river deltas - Dredging - Landscaping - Digging up pipelines - Maintenance and cleaning of rivers, lakes, shorelines, ponds, etc

Seeing those tracks being moved into a container takes my memory back to the times I was young and was trying to fit a round peg in a square hole. ;-)

Info was brought in by Bob.

Heking
Heking
Heking
Heking
No picture Hertog See Conte (1979)
Hewitt Hewitt (Stan) (2003)

Hewitt's prototype, is a 17-foot amphibious vehicle that looks like a bathtub with the tracks of a tank.
It surprised Hewitt with a water speed over 50 km/h in the calm waters of Tongass Narrows.

The double-hulled boat is covered with 3D16-inch aluminium. The pivoting track system took some trial and error.

The biggest problem was trying to get these tracks to come up and down gracefully. It works with a two-arm hydraulic system to pivot the twin track assemblies, which use nylon rollers and have only two bearings apiece.

Hidromobile 1914 Hidromobile (1914)

A Los Angeles corporation is preparing to put on the market a remarkable combination of the auto-mobile and motor boat, invented by W. C. Mazzei, E. E., of New York City. This machine, which will sell for the same price as a high grade auto-mobile of the usual type, is intended particularly for use by travelers, who must cross streams and flooded areas.

In Popular Electricity and Modern Mechanics September 1914 there was an article.

W. C. Mazzei, E. E., of New York City is likely the same as William Mazzei from Los Angeles
That was involved with the Hydro-motor.

An especially ingenious feature of the Hidromobile is the arrangement of springs, whereby each wheel meets road inequalities without affecting the opposite wheel or admitting water to the body of machine.

These days that is called independent suspension.
Higgins Beach Master

Higgins Beach Master

Higgins Beach Master

Higgins Beach Master


Official US army photos
Higgins Beachmaster (1944)

Higgins Boat Company build many Amphibious vehicles for survey and rescue in the swamps of Louisiana.

Length: 11000 mm height: 4500 mm

It was more boot than vehicle with the 2 axles with 4 chain driven wheels in the middle.

To complicate matters in later days tracks where added as can be seen in de second photo.
On the 4th photo where the Beachmaster is put on rails for army testing the tracks are still missing.
It had a winch at the front.

Photo one was send in by Sander.
no picture
Official US army photos
Higgins Mudhopper
Higgins Swamp Buggy

Higgins Swamp Buggy

Higgins Swamp Buggy

Higgins Swamp Buggy

Official US army photos
Higgins Swamp Buggy (1940 1941) also called the "March Buggy?'

Higgins Boat Company build an Amphibious vehicle for survey and rescue in the swamps of Louisiana.
The price at the time was $6000

Engine: air cooled 40 hp
Gearbox: 5 speed
Length: 5000 mm width: 4000 mm Height: 3300 mm
Winch: 1 on front and 1 on the rear.

It has skid steering and the front axle has a center pivoted joint to give a limited agricultural movement to follow the terrain.

This one was tested by the US army in 1948 its name was then "Swamp Skipper model 5"
Each of the 2400 mm chain driven wheels had 2 stepper units to increase the footprint.
The military test was not successful.
NO power, NO speed and NO space to put a load.

According to "Mechanix Illustrated the "Swamp Skipper" came into the hands of Bill Oliver who used it for hunting in Everglades, she was then named the "Swamp Cadillac" and there the trail ends.

Higgins Swamp Buggy
Higgins Swamp Buggy


no picture
Official US army photos
Higgins Swamp Cat Tank
no picture
Official US army photos
Higgins Swamp Skipper
Hill Head

Hill Head
Hill head (2008)

The amphibious boat is from Hill Head and was built by the owner from scratch.
The caterpillar tracks retract into the hull.
That is all that I know.

On a shingle beach at Hill Head it goes up and down the beach with ease where a standard Sealegs does not go.

The owner parks in his garden and is in/out of the water in minutes.

Hinton water mower

Hinton water mower

Hinton water mower
John Hinton Shortcutter (2010)

It is a crossover between a sit-on lawnmower and a boat.

Speed land: 9 km/h water: 5 km/h

Later it was named: Land Tender to Lady Woodmouse.

I know nothing more !
I like to receive photos and info on the technical side and the building of this vehicle!





Hobbycar B 612 A


Hobbycar B 612 A

Hobbycar B 612 A (1992 to 1995)

Special page

Hobbycar SA, 41400-Thenay, France.
Made in France. Production stopped in 1996. 62 where produced.
The Hobbycar has a 92 hp turbo diesel engine, four folding seats
The two in the rear are rear faced but in later models forward faced.
It is a 4wd and it can do 8 km/h in the water.

Designed by Francois Wardavoir who past away on 19 June 2009.

Hobbycar Cortex

Hobbycar Cortex

Hobbycar Cortex
Hobbycar Cortex B 612 D (1994) prototype

Bigger, better, more free board, more HP e.c.t.

Engine: Diesel 2500cc Power: 120 hp
Chassis: multi-tubular
Body and hull: composite materials
Wheels: tires 205R 16
Max speed on land: 140 km/h
2 pod drives instead of 2 water-jets

The Cortex has 3 front seats,
the driver sits in the middle,
a little forwards to the 2 passenger seats.

And it was to late to prevent bankruptcy.
Home Made Home made

This vehicle is registered as a car;
based on 'some' ex-army Russian amphibian, GAZ/UAZ vehicles and polish "Syrena 105". Appeared at international meeting of military and old-timer vehicles in "Darlowo" 1999 or 2000.

Picture and info send in by Elmer from Poland

Home Made Home made bikes (1999)

Special page

In January 1999 and June 2000 the British "BIKE" Magazine published an article about the Amphibious Challenge they organized shortly before. Competitors had to "drive" 200 meters with there bike and there was 200 pound to win.

The magazine is in color but Kim Scholer has send me large B&W copy's by snail mail because he has no scanner.

Home Made Home made 1 (1998)

The second AUB mechanical design contest: amphibious Vehicle

For propagation in water, a peddle-wheel-like attachments were put on the rear wheels. To increase the speed in water, they have added a propeller on the rear connected to the engine by a chain and sprocket mechanism.

China

china

China

china amphib

china amphib
Hongjun Amphibious research center (2002)

Wang Hong Jun is the chief designer he owns a motorcycle repair shop in Qian'an City.

The car has a double-skinned chassis with air pockets so it can float.
Weight: 1700 kg
Speed land: 150  water: 50 km/h ??

Water propulsion: 2 propellers
Over the year it keeps evolving and it has now also a jet drive.
I believe the propellers are disconnected.

In 2003 the builder has send me a (to big) email with photo's, but before it was possible to extracted them my hard drive crashed.

The car has a balancing system, that makes the car more stable in the water.
Not sure how that works or preforms.

Much information is still lost in translation from Chinese to English.
But we will get there in the end!


The last 2 photos where send in by Xin Wang (2011)
China ATV

China ATV

China ATV
Hongjun Amphibious research center (2011)

In the same workshop an amphibious ATV is produced.

Technical details of ATV are!
Engine: Single-cylinder OIL-cooled, 4-stroke 20 hp
Transmission: 5 speed forward + 1 reverse

Speed land: 70 km/h water: ?
Water propulsion: jet-drive ?

Length: 2100 Width: 1125 Height: 1175 mm
Weight: 270kg load 210kg

Starter: hand pulled recoil starter + electric starter
Final Drive Axle
Fuel tank : 14 Liter
Brakes front: disk brake Rear: drum brake
Seat height: 860 mm

Current work on the prototype is to make the wheels retract.

Info was send in by Xin Wang (2011)
Hoppe & Kroos Autoshiff (1920)

Hoppe & Kroos Autoshiff (1920)
Hoppe & Krooss Autoshiff (1929)

The Voran Automobilbau Aktiengesellschaft Berlin designed the drive to the wheels in accordance with their well-known front-wheel drive patents; Hoppe & Krooss G. mb H., of Cuxhaven, built the vehicle.

It's a 4x4, but in the water you only see a boot with a spare wheel on it's side.

Engine: Opel 40 hp cooled by two Windhoff radiator and fans
Gearbox: 3 + 1 + PTO with 1: 3 for the propeller
Transfer-box: Stirnraduntersetzung in the ratio 1: 3
Speed land: 24 water: 11 km/h
Length: 6800 width: 2100 mm
Weight front axle 1700 kg Weight rear axle 2300 kg
Water propulsion: 3 blade Zeise propeller
Front wheels act as ruder

Most info came from Axel Oskar Mathieu - Histoican for commercial vehicles
Hotchkiss HB 40

Hotchkiss HB 40

Hotchkiss HB 40

Hotchkiss HB 40

Hotchkiss HB 40

Hotchkiss HB 40
Hotchkiss HB 40 (Development started in 1952)

Used for the first time in Greenland from 1967 to 1968

Engine: gasoline 3501 Hotchkiss 115 or 130 hp
Engine: diesel 3505 Hotchkiss 91 hp
Gearbox: all synchronized
Transfer-Box: 2-speed

Speed Land: 60 km/h

Four watertight compartments
Hubei

Hubei

Hubei

Hubei
Hubei Xinchufeng Automobile Co.,ltd (2011)
Builds an Amphibious bus

Suizhou Jun Wei Auto Trading Co., Ltd. (2011)
Sells them

An amphibious bus nicknamed "Adventure Duck" imported from Australia made her maiden voyage in the sea at Qingdao Olympic Sailing Center in Qingdao, east China's Shandong province, May 5, 2009.

It was the first amphibious bus in China, the "Duck" the cost where 6 million yuan
Speed land: 120 km/h water: 18 km/h

The Chinese version has:
Engine: ISL2 290 30
Speed land: 70 km/h water: 20 km/h ??

Length: 12000 width: 2500 height: 4000 mm Wheel base: 6000 mm
Weight: about 10000 kg

Draft: 0.8-1.0M
Tire specification: 10.00-20
Passenger capacity: 38+10

Some differences in the photos as flotation devices air intakes e.t.c.

In the rear of the bus, there is storage for a the life-raft and life jackets.

hummer Hexonaut

Hummer Hexonaut

Hummer Hexonaut

Hummer Hexonaut
Humber Hexonaut GS 6x6 (1940)

Only 3 Hexonauts are ever built.
The only survivor is at the National Military History Centre in Indiana, USA.
She was on sale at Auctions America current location is unknown.

Engine: Two 14 hp Hillman
Gearbox: two Hillman transmissions
Each engine drives 3 wheels on one side by skid break steering
The rear engine drives also the winch.
Hummer Hexonaut engine layout
The two engines give the usual problems with steering:
Stalling of one engine makes it go in small circles.
Loss of power in one engine makes it go in larger circles.

Length 3750 width 1400 height 2000 mm
Two man crew
Weight: 3000 load: 1000 kg or 8 men
Water propulsion: by the wheels

It had to fit in a C47 Dakota to be air transportable.
The small width of the vehicle shows the maximum of the design specs.

It was used after WWII in Belgium by a logging company until the 1950s.
It was laid to rest/rust until in 1971 until somebody recognized it for what it was.
Humber Hexonaut Logging
Picture and info send in by Patrick from France
Hustler Hustler http://www.route6x6.com

You can find more about this machine in the museum of ROUTE6x6.

Picture used with permission from ROUTE6x6.

HWSTD HWSTD (2002?)

SWmark78 has written me:

The HWSTD is nothing more then the water test version of the USMC's up coming EFV/AAAV.

I believe under "AAAV" you have a picture of land test rig from the same project. The AAAV (Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle) has had its name change to the EFV (Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle), mainly to protect the guilty as the project will be a horrible flop that will probably doom the USMC.

The EFV/AAAV will suffer from:

-High Maintenance and Training costs
-Much Higher Fuel Consumption
-Inadequate Armour Protection
-Deafening should level in Troop Compartment
-No Gain in Land Mobility over newest version of current AAV, the AAVP7A1 RAM/RS (I don't know why they did not just go to AAVP7A2).
-More Vehicles needed per Platoon as each vehicle can carry only 18 Marines, instead of 21 to 25+ Marines
-Much larger Target then current AAVP7A1, which is a very large target itself.
-Lack of "Growth Room" as vehicle is internally cramped and over design weight as is .

H/hydraterra Hydra-Spyder (2005)

It takes 16 months from conception to completion.
Production units feature

Engine: Corvette LS2 Gen Iv
Gearbox: 6 speed Tremec TKO high performance manual transmission.
Front wheel drive.
4 wheel disc brake system.
Berkley Marine Jet with power trim and steering package.
Computerized Air ride retractable 4 point front and rear suspension system.
It has an aluminium lower hull with fibreglass upper structure.
A convertible top and a Stainless Steel side winder exhaust system.

www.camillc.com/

Hydraterra Hydra-Terra (2002)

Length: 12540 width is: 2800 mm
49 passenger designed capacity.
Certification by United States Coast Guard
All hull construction to A.B.S. standards
The lower section below floor in the side sections will be foam filled. The foam fill material meets military specifications and is approved by the Coast Guard.
They say "this vessel is unsinkable!"
I think is an ugly $%/\&@ but she will do her job. :-)

Hydraterra Hydra-Terra (2005)

Restyled, improved, etc.

Hull redesign includes inset axles and suspension systems that lower passenger loading height.
Suspension systems are all air ride eliminating springs altogether for reduced maintenance and improved ride.
Bow design with a developed surface v shape design that will cut through the water.

1 engine unit:
The single engine is the Caterpillar diesel with a rear engine Power Take Off unit that operates the marine transmission.

2 engine unit:
Gives a choice of Caterpillar or Cummins diesels.
One is dedicated to the road and one is dedicated marine.

3 engine unit:
One land engine and a twin marine drive system.
A choice of Caterpillar or Cummins diesels options to 300 H.P are available.

Hydratrek

Hydratrek

Hydratrek (2008)

Hydratrek, LLC is a spin-off of Rose Machine and Tool.

100% aluminium construction
hydrostatic all-wheel drive system
Tri-mode propulsion, including dual 11" bronze props
16-1/2" ground clearance


Hydromobile

Hydromobile

Hydromobile
Hydromobile (1942)

This one is on display in the Auto Mobil museum in Loheac France, but was build in the USA.

It has a fully wooden superstructure and retractable wheels (three),
There for the vehicle can plane on the surface of the water.

Engine: 8 cylinder 4700 cc
Speed land: 140 water: 45 km/h

An Amphibian with the same name was build around 1926 in France.

The first photo is from 2001 (UN restored vehicle)

The second and third are made by Theus in 2010

Hydromotor Delia 1916 Hydromotor Delia (1916)

Michael de Cosmo in San Francisco, USA was an owner he and named her "Delia"
For a demonstration it was driven over the beach into the bay.

Speed land: 95 water: 16 km/h
Hull: aluminium
It had a propeller driven by a PTO
The rudder was connected to the steering wheel.

Popular Mechanics February 1916 and Popular Science March 1916 had an article about this Amphib.

In the book "Mitt dem auto baden gehen" my friend Rene Pohl  writes
that it was build by William Mazzei and William Purcell from Los Angeles.
Prototype Engine: Haynes
Production engine: Continental 6 cylinder diesel 35 hp
Rear axle is driven
Length: 4800 mm
Propeller 16 inch
An unknown number of vehicles was build between 1914 and 1917

In water mode the wheels where locked in forward direction
and the steering wheel turns only the rudder behind the propeller.
VHydrotraxxV Hydrotraxx TJ645 (2006)

Hydrotraxx is constant improving so it is possible that this info is old.

The world's only amphibious ATV that employs a full hydraulic drive.
It has 6 Wheel hydraulic motors.

Model TJ645 is powered by a Nissan 42HP 4-cylinder water-cooled gasoline engine 70ft/lbs of torque. Ground speed up to 23MPH.

Model TJ655 is Powered by a Kubota 44HP Turbo-charged 4-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine, 85ft/lbs of torque. Ground speed will average 15-22MPH.

http://www.hydrotraxx.net

If you want to send E-Mail to the web master (Amphi)Hans Rosloot