This page was updated on 03 May 2014  

HOME AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES
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La Licorne = The Unicorn (1935)

La Licorne = The Unicorn (1935)

La Licorne = The Unicorn (1935)
La Licorne = The Unicorn (1935)

Build by Ulysses Texier of Caillerie

Engine: 6 hp
Steering is by braking one side.
It had fold out paddle wheels and it had a system to balance it automatic on the 2 centre wheels. But I can't find anything in the patent about the balancing system.
In the first photo it is balancing, but that can be just show.

The first Licorne was build using many parts of the Comet.
The Comet became a trailer for the Licorne.

Ulisses wanted to sell the idea to the army but that is to much for one man, so he sold his patents to the firm La Licorne.

6 Licornes vehicles were build by La Licorne for testing by the French army.

First model was the Comet (1932)
Similar in design is the Opperman Scorpion (1943)
Limnoteknik Limnoteknik

Kanal- och dikesrensning. Revingehed övningsfält. Uppdragsgivare: Försvarsmakten.

That is Swedish, I know that because I have no idea what it means :-)

http://www.limnoteknik.se/amfibie.html

Lincoln Lincoln (2002)

89 LINCOLN LIMO FORMAL, CLEAN AND QUIET.

Length: 7300 width: 4000 height: 3960
Tyres: 66" tundra
Full time four wheel drive, all wheel steering.

Interior:
All factory limo Two stereo systems, driver and cabin,
Dry bar Cooler Hookups for TV, VCR Intercom system Electric privacy window
All driver controls are in factory position and operate as from factory.

This vehicle was for sale on Ebay.

March Tracker
Lite Technolegies March Tracker (2014)

She is a fully amphibious tracked vehicle designed to run in swamp, marsh, and wetland environments.
Lionel Forge "The Amphib"

Lionel Forge "The Amphib"

Lionel Forge "The Amphib"

Lionel Forge "The Amphib"

Lionel Forge "The Amphib"

Lionel Forge "The Amphib"  (1957  2004)

Lionel was born in 1925. He was inspired by the book "Half-Safe" to modify a GPA and travel with it, but he did not plan to cross oceans. He just called his vehicle "The Amphib". He bought GPA 4545 for $300.

He welded a 1949 Dodge station wagon top on the seep, also a 45 cm is added to the rear hull section.

In 1958 Lionel got a job in Canada on the Avro Arrow jet fighter plane. He drove "The Amphib" to work.
In 1967 he started travelling with "The Amphib". He planned to write a book about his travels, but he never did. He journey started in Toronto, Canada and he travelled down through the United States.
There are photo's of "The Amphib" in front of the Alamo, Texas and in front of Pyramid No. 1 at Tikal, Guatemala. Lionel took "the Amphib" to every country in Central America, including Columbia.

In South America he send "The Amphib" over to Africa by cargo ship, then bad luck struck, the cargo ship was given a new destination.
That is why he had to travel though Africa without "the Amphib", He also went to Europe and England where his mother lived.

IN THE MEAN TIME "The Amphib" was send to Florida and stored there.

Later he changed the engine to a larger Jeep engine that made a bump in the raised engine cover necessary.

Lionel died in the Spring of 2001, 76 years old, he was always planning to take "the Amphib" on the road again.
He kept "The Amphib" beside his "house boat" up on blocks and under a tarp. He was always working on it and making improvements.

Like "Half Safe", "The Amphib" was UNIQUE.

A new owner restored it back into a STANDARD GPA.

Litvina Litvina (2002)

Litvina from Russia makes cross-country vehicles,
snow and swamp buggies.

And with those big tyres they do float nicely.

Cross-country vehicles with those pneumatic tyres are much used
in expeditions to the south and north pole.

www.litvina.com text in Russian
Terra star prototype 1

Terra star with STAR WHEELS

Terrastar expl view

terra star wheel
Lockheed Terra Star (1967) prototype.

The idea of this one came from old patents for minor and major wheels, Named Tristar wheels.

Prototype I (build from steel)

Engine: 41 hp
Speed land: 40 km/h water: 7 km/h
Weight: 1550 kg load: 200 kg
Skid steering like a tracked vehicle (braked-differential)

Prototype II (build from aluminium)

Engine: 53 hp
Speed land: 60 km/h water: 10 km/h
Weight: 1300 kg load: 515 kg
Skid steering like a tracked vehicle (clutch-brake)

The driver can select minor or major wheel rotation.

It could climb stairs but it performed better in mud than on rocks.
In the mud the whole star with the 3 wheels rotates.
On a "flat" track it runs on the 8 lower wheels without the star rotation.
Twister

Twister

Lockheed Twister XM 808 (1965)

Special page

The Lockheed Twister is a 8x8 that can flex between the second and the third axle.

It is propelled by a water jet. 4 prototypes where build.
But only one swimmer.

Speed land: 100 water: 10 km/h

The first photo was send in by Harold Smith.
The information was send in by Chip Metz.

The second photo of a non amphibious twister.
The XM 808 was armoured and armed.
(Taken at the Detroit Arsenal - Warren, MI)
Courtesy of Ray Grienke.

No photo Lohr Fardier FL500

It is not amphibious there is a hole in the side for engine cooling.
Info send in by Alex Richards. (he owns a Lohr).
Lorenzo Oppizzi

Lorenzo Oppizzi
Lorenzo Oppizzi (1934)

Lorenzo Oppizzi was born 10 of August of 1900 in Coli, Province of Piacenza, Italy.
In 1923 he emigrated to the Argentine Republic, there he married Catherine Perini.

He was a truck driver by trade but he started a mechanical factory. it turned out into one of the first manufacturers of bodies for trucks of the country.

In 1934, he construct this amphibious vehicle and he drove it around the streets of Lanús, Avellaneda, Quilmes and sailed the waters of the Río de la Plata.


I found it on:
www.lanusmunicipio.com.ar/historia/anfibio.htm
LPT 400

LPT 400

LPT 400

LPT 400
LPT 400 (1975)

LPT stands for "Lekki Pojazd Terenowy" (Light All-terrain Vehicle)
Produced in Poland by Zaklady Motoryzacyjne nr.5" in Poznan.

LPT was based on parts from the Fiat 126;
engine, clutch, (modified)gearbox, drive shafts, axles, wheels,
tyres, suspension, brakes, steering mechanism, electric system.
Not all the prototypes could swim;
The ones that could swim had one folding propeller at the rear of vehicle, connected to the gearbox by an electromagnetic clutch.

It is a 4x6, the middle and the rear axle are driven.

Engine: 650 cc 18,4 kW @ 4500/ r/m
Speed land 80 water: 8 km/h
Length: 3350 width: 1650 height: 1650 mm
Weight 850 load: a driver plus 400 kg,
Fuel consumption: 8-11 L/100 km.

First photo was send in by René Pohl
He is the author of the book "Mit dem Auto baden gehen",
ISBN 3893657029. (sold out)
Info en other photo's where send in by Elmer.

Luaz 967 LuAZ 967 (1984)

Special page

About 250 where left in East Germany when the wall fell. But many more were made.

It is a floater, it moves in the water by the rotating wheels.

This one is owned by Paul Overdevest and the picture was send in by Hans Serrarens


Luaz 1901X

Luaz 1901X

Luaz 1901X

Luaz 1901X
LuAZ 1901 prototype (1999)
It is based on the LuAZ-967 M and was named LuAZ-1901 Geolog.

It is a 6x6 with 6 seats, that is more than in the photo.

Engine: 3DTN, diesel with 3 cylinders 51 hp in the rear
Speed land: 60 water: 5 km/h
Length: 4522 width: 1922 heights: 1970 mm
Weight: 1350 load: 550 kg
Fuel consumption, 12 litres/100 km

The machine can have hills off 58° and lateral 40°

The Geolog was presented by LuAZ in 1999 at a Kiev auto-show.
Geolog is short for Geologists for who this vehicle was designed.

Pictures used with permission of Roman Astakhoff.
Luchs Lynx LUCHS LINX (1978)

It is made in Germany and it is amphibious by two propellers.

Speed land 90 km/h
Range 800 km

The Luchs has a high road speed that can be achieved in both directions and in addition to the front driver there is a driver at the back who also takes care of communication duties.
The Luchs is fully amphibious with virtually no preparation.

Picture taken by AirCav01 and used by permission.

LungYe
LungYe Enterprise Co. Ltd

They have made a (7500 mm) amphibious life boat / water taxi.

LVH-X1 see Chrysler
LVH-X2 see Food Machine Corporation
LVT-1
© USMC Historical Centre
LVT - 1  (1940)  CROCODILE

A heavy Amphib - the first of all "Amtracks".
Developed by Roebling from the rescue vehicle Alligator.

It is unsinkable even when flooded.

Engine 6-cylinder, 146 hp Hercules
Speed land: 40 water: 15 km/h

The LVT-1 was a copy of the Crocodile
But it was made from sheet metal that is why it was heavier,

It was in production from 1941 to 1943
and is propelled by two endless chains fitted with cleats, (in the water and on land).

Picture send in by Frank Suha, he obtained it from USMC Historical Centre.

LVT-2
© USMC Historical Centre
LVT - 2 (1941)

Tracked amphibian called Amtrack, it was in production from 1942 to 1945.

The second generation of LVT's was the LVT-2.
From this LVT-2 a series of vehicles used during WW II was designed.
The: LVTA1, LVTA2, LVT4, LVTA4, and LVTA5.

Engine: 7-cylinder radial aircraft 220 hp
Gearbox: 5 + 1 manual shift Spicer
with a manually operated steer differential.

Major overhaul was scheduled for 100 hours, not many lasted that long.
This series of LVTs was used through the Okinawa campaign in 1945.

Please note the LVTA-2 in the picture includes modifications by addition of armour to cab but the hull remains same.

Picture send in by Frank Suha, he obtained it from USMC Historical Centre.

LVT-3 LVT - 3  (1943) Bushmaster or Beach-Buster

Special page

The Bushmaster was developed by Borg-Warner, 2963 of them were built between 1943 and 1945 by Ingersoll and Graham Paige.
It came along in time for Iwo Jima and was the post-war track for the USMC.
It was al so used at Inchon.

Picture and info was send in by George Ashbaugh.

LVT-4 LVT- 4 (1941) Water Buffalo Amphibious landing craft.

Special page

Marianas model US Army Buffalo Amphibian.
It is the brother of the Alligator
and it has been used with landings in the Pacific, by the Americans.
For landings in Zeeland (Holland) and the crossing of the Rhine by the British and Canadians.

Speed land: 26 water: 8 km/h

The Buffalo was invented by Percy Hobart ("The Funnies"), it can carry 30 troops and are powered by air plane engines that makes a hell off a whine.

(1944)
A 97 vehicle convoy carrying about 2000 Canadian troops ferried them down a Dutch canal, along a coastline, into a muddy inlet and over a dike, sneaking them behind enemy lines of the German held strong point of the Brekens pocket (Apparently Luftwaffe AA gunners, a couple of miles away went ape-shit, firing in the sky at the phantom 'planes') The vehicles were slow, and on their way down the canal, were overtaken by a great number of cheering civilians on bicycles. As this was to be a SECRET night attack, the Canadians brass was scared shit less that a collaborator might contact the the Krauts and tip them off that something was afoot. (October 9, 1944)

Info was send in by Vic Yanda, bits from the book "Tug of War" (pp. 287-289) by Lt. Col. Douglas Whitaker.

LVT-5 LVT - 5

USMC LVTP-5A1 BATTLE BUS VIET. Amphibious tracked

A few of the LVT5 were modified in 1949 and continued in service until the mid 1950s

Picture used with permission of Frank Suha
LVT-6 LVTH - 6

Picture used with permission of Frank Suha.

lvtp7drw LVTP - 7 Armoured Amphibious Assault Vehicle

Speed land: 64 water: 13.5 km/h
Weight 22838 kg

Crew 3 + 25
Armament 1 x 12.7 mm

LVW-X1 see Chrysler
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