This page was updated on 09 April 2014 

HOME AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES
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Nami 011 see GAZ 011
Nami 32 pre proto

Nami 32 G

Nami 32 G
NAMI-032G, (1956 1957?

Design criteria:
a low self-propelled floating car can be steered on the side of the car
air-droppable
front-engine,
AWD with reduction wheel gears
independent suspension
all-metal bearing base
cargo platform can hold two stretchers or six seats
electric winch
Ground clearance: > 300 mm
maximum speed: 70 km/h
Height: < 700 mm.

The first NAMI-032G had a high rounded hood and three front and two side by side rear seats
It looked like a normal passenger car, but still meets the requirements of the Ministry of Defence.

Engine: Irbitskogo motorcycle factory MD-65 power 21 hp
Gearbox: 4-speed
Transmission: wheel gears
Brakes: hydraulic drum
Tires: 5.00 - 13
Open fibreglass hull
Water propulsion: wheels only

Wheelbase increased from 1600 to 1800 mm,
but the steering wheel was in the usual place - on the left side of the body.

One of the designers was BM Fitterman, former chief designer of the Moscow Auto-mobile VMS,
TWICE winner of the Stalin Prize,
Who just returned from the Vorkuta labor-camps and was now rehabilitated.

I am very sure he did the best he could!!!!
Nami 32 M

Nami 32 M
NAMI-032M (1959)

The second series, was almost the same and had similar parameters.
On sides were detachable metal ramps mounted to overcome obstacles and shallow sandy coastal strip

Engine:  21 hp
Weight: 650 load: 500 kg  trailer 500 kg
Speed: 60 km/h,
Range: 250 km
Water propulsion: wheels only

Summer of 1958, the 032M was presented at the show of new military equipment at the Research and Testing Auto-tractor range, the trial ended Feb 1959 with less than 4000 km on the clock and she had over 15 breakdowns.

In April 1960, a demonstration of an upgraded machine ended again in complete failure.

Military test Colonel I. Nechaev recalls the event:
The prototype drove through the snow, but then hit something and stalled.
The Chief designer stamped his feet in rage and became hysterical.   (Remember the labor camps)
People rushed to the car and pushed her back, this show of force was repeated a few times.
Trouble never comes alone- The proto ran again into some obstacle and stopped completely.

The Marshals waved their hands, got into their car and left ... "
Nami 32 S

Fiberglass version

Nami 32 S

Metal version

Nami 32 S
NAMI-032S  (1961)

The the 32S had a body made ​​out of steel, but there was also a (partly?) fibreglass version.

The metal plate torsion bar suspension was replaced with forged steel version,
which greatly increased its lifespan after a landing by parachute.

To solve the problems of staying horizontally in the water, the driver's seat was located in the middle, and the two stretchers for wounded were on his sides.

Engine:  21 hp
Still NO diff locks
Water propulsion: wheels only

The final version went into production under the name LuAZ-967.
Nami 0281 (1985)

Nami 0281 (1985)
Nami 0281 (1985)

Engine: in the rear
Load: 1250 kg
Suspension: adjustable hydro-pneumatic
Tire pressure: adjustable on the move

From this vehicle the GAZ-3937 was developed.

This amphibious vehicle participated in the contest of ministry of defense on the army amphibious vehicles in 1985 on a par with UAZ(GAZ)-3907 jaguar and VAZ(Lada)-2122 Reka.

The order was won by GAZ-3937 Vodnik.

First photo used with permission of Roman Astakhoff.
Second photo is from http://nami.ru/
Nami 055 (1953)

Nami 055 (1953)

Nami 055 (1959 1963)
Nami 055 (1953)

It started as a highly classified experimental amphibious vehicle.
That is why not much is known.

Engine: 40 hp

In 1959 the Nami 055 got a 90 hp Tatra engine and hydrofoil wings.

On the Wolga in 1963 a speed record of 58 km/h was set.
This last performance was not classified but rather public. ;-)


The vehicle was scrapped and that is very sad.
No photo National Oilwell Varco -- see Rolligon
Nobel Amphibil (1962)

Nobel Amphibil (1962)
Nobel Amphibil (1962)

Build in Norway
The hull is made out of fibreglass (?)

Engine Volkswagen 1100 cc
Speed land: 65 km/h

It has 16 powered wheels (4 pair one each side)
and 4 free wheeling wheels (2 pair) at the front

Citroen 1935 amphi submarine

Citroen 1935 amphi submarine
Nautilus (1935) (amphibious submarine)

It was build by Andre Michel, he was an electrician in Lyon.

At first the submarine had an electric motor running on energy from lead-acid batteries.
But charging the batteries at the river side was a problem.

There for Andre mounted a petrol engine.

Engine: Peugeot CV 5

The engine can bread through a 2 meter high snorkel.
But you still have to get rid off the petrol fumes from the carburettor e.t.c. and
the used breathing air.

This was the invention of Andre:
In the inside of the outlet/exhaust tube a second smaller tube was inserted "the real exhaust"
the 2 are forming a venturi that effectively sucks out the bad air from the submarine.
The lower air pressure on the inside of the submarine makes that fresh air is forced in
through the snorkel.

The diving fins on the front and rear show that it was more than a bottom crawler.

The first photo was send in by Uriel Uzdil from Belgium

Nautilus (1960)

Nautilus (1960)

Nautilus (1960)

Nautilus (1960)
Nautilus II (1960)

Build in France by M. Burnet from Chalon near the Saone.
It took three years, building and development.  It is made of sheet metal.

Engine: Citroen D-38
Two gearboxes control the wheels and the propeller.
Length 4100 mm width 1200 mm
Weight is 1000 kg
Speed 12 knots on the water and 6 knots under water
The speed can be doubled by removing the wheels

It is equipped with a German periscope and a snorkel
The turning of the steering wheel controls left and right movement.
Pushing and pulling on the steering wheel controls the dive angle.

When the engine fails while diving -- it goes to the surface.

It was presented for the first time at the Paris International Boat Show in 1960
and later that year on the International Boat Show of the Mediterranean.

The snorkel and SPECIALLY the rear diving fins resemble in great detail those from the Nautilus 1935!
The way the dive fins work is the same and the linking of the front steering is similar,
but the wheels, axles and nose are different.

It is likely that the Nautilus 1960 is a further development from the Nautilus 1935

Third photo and info was send in by Kim Scholer
No photo Nova I -- see Gibbs Technologies
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