This page was updated on 03 May 2014

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QMC QMC prototype 1942

It is a three seater and the lump on the engine hood has to do with the drive axle to the capstan winch.
The letters QMC stand for QuarterMaster Corp.

It is likely to be the prototype for the Seep.

Wheelbuggie Quality Industries, Inc.

Wheel Buggy 100% Amphibious Carrier.
Model # 104W-HD-12X9

Engine: twin diesel
Gearbox: Hydraulically
Speed land: 12.5 km/h Length: 9600 width: 8250 hight: 7000 mm Deck size: 8910 X 4300 mm Weight: 50000 ? load water: 9000 kg

Cargo Carrier Quality Industries, Inc.

100% Amphibious Heavy Duty Personnel or/and Cargo Carrier
Model No. 10XT-HD-64M

Engine: Industrial Diesel
Speed land: 8 water: 4 km/h
Length" 13000 width: 6000 mm
Weight: 19000 load: 11000 kg

Personnel Carrier Quality Industries, Inc.

Personnel Carrier
100% Amphibious Personnel-Cargo Carrier
Aluminium Model #26448482C

Engine: Industrial Gasoline or Diesel
Gearbox: hydraulic or mechanical
Speed land: 16 water: 6.5 km/h
Length: 8750 width: 4500 mm
Weight: 5000 kg



Racoon (1993) Renault prototype.

First there was a digital version it was shown in a 1992 promotion film..
It was the first virtual reality car driving through real streets.
A real car was shown in the 1993 Geneva Motor Show.

The prototype Racoon was made by Renault.
It was a go-anywhere amphibious concept car that really can be driven in water.

It is a 4-wheel drive.
Engine: middle mounted 3000 cc V6 Twin-turbo (54 hp at the wheels)
Gearbox: 6 + 1 manual to three torque transfer differentials
Suspension: hydraulic adjustable 300 to 500 mm ground clearance
Weight: 1005 kg
Breaks: 4 x disk
Seats: 2 front 2 rear
Speed land: 150 water: 14 km/h
Water propulsion: 2 water-jets driven by engine PTO

It was equipped with a navigations system, compass and cameras.
No windscreen wipers but an ultrasound system.
Driving in the dark is made easier with an infra-red camera.
It is relative easy to separate the body from the chassis.

It never made production. :-(
Ramster X

Ramster X
Ramster X (2003 2008)  prototype only

It is diesel electric.

Engine: 60 hp diesel
Generator: 42 kW with 400 V three phased 50 Hz
Electric motor: 2 = one on each side
Speed land: 70 km/h

Length: 4900 width: 2400 height: 2700 mm.
Load is 800 kg
Loading bay: 2000 x 1300 mm

Between the motors and the wheels are two reduction gears. One in the wheel and one the electric motor.

The total reduction ratio is 1/50 that gives a high torque (700 m-daN) on a row of wheels.

Each electric motor is controlled by an electronic varistor.

The Ramster DOES NOT take a bend by breaking ONE side, but by reducing the speed on the inside wheels and increasing the speed on the outside wheels.
The change of speed is controlled through both synchronized variators and those are controlled by break pedal, gas pedal and the steering wheel.
It allows to maintain the torque on each side of the vehicle with saving energy.

The excess of energy (by slowing down/breaking) is send to a common bus (the direct current bus of the varistor) which is strapped between the two variators. This allows the sharing of energy between the two engines.
In case of normally breaking, this system is also used, it avoids the used of the mechanical breaks.

Because of the road regulations, mechanical breaks are also installed, they are used for emergency breaking.

RAT  see Canadair CL-61 & CL-70
Ravaillier Canot-Voiture-Touriste (1907)

Ravaillier Canot-Voiture-Touriste (1907)

Ravaillier Canot-Voiture-Touriste (1907)

Ravaillier Canot-Voiture-Touriste (1907)
Ravaillier (Reiveillier) Canot-Voiture-Touriste (1907)

It was a steel power boat mounted on the wheels and running gear of an auto mobile.
A gasoline engine, forward mounted, gave the driving power.
It drove a propeller in the usual power-boat way when in the water.

But on the road, a lever disconnected the propeller and engaged a drive shaft of normal auto mobile type to drive the rear wheels through chains.
A normal 3 speed and reverse gearbox gave power to propeller or the wheels.

The front and rear axles pass through water-tight steel tubes in the hull.
Wheels ware made of steel with small solid rubber tires.

Engine: 4 cylinder 14 to 20 hp gasoline
Speed road: 35 water: 10 km/h

Photo's where send in by Uriel Uzdil from Belgium.

In Popular Mechanics January 1908 there is a description of the same vehicle demonstrated in the Hudson river.
But they see no practical use for this type of vehicle. ;-)

In Popular Mechanics March 1910 there is an article about the French army (war office) using this vehicle in a engineer regiment.

Amphibious Reach machine

Amphibious Reach machine
Reach machine (1993)

This vehicle is called "Amphibious Reach machine" and was invented by Robert Gray from Fioshbourne Green/England. It was powered by an Austin Mini fixed on a platform between those two big wheels. The wheel propulsion system was directly connected with the powered front axle of the Mini.

The whole thing just swam because of the air pushed under water in the cassettes of the big wheels. The similar problem made the old paddle wheel boots obsolete. When the paddles hit the water above a certain speed the water turns into foam.
Robert dreamed of reaching 50 km/h on water, but in fact it did a slow 4,5 km/h only.
The wheels reached a high of 10,7 meter.
Costs: 1500 pounds.

Reb R.E.B (1988)

The REB was manufactured by REB Industries Inc. Collinson Louisiana.

Engine: 656cc, 2 cylinder, 4 cycle Briggs & Stratton.
Gearbox: high & low range in forward, neutral, reverse
It is a full time four wheel drive
Length: 2400 width: 120 and height 1500 mm
The brakes are hydraulic disc, front and rear.
Fuel: 12.5 litre
Battery: 12 volt 30 amp HD.

It was built from Fibreglass.
It seats three people "comfortably". ;-)
It is steered and propelled by the turning wheels when in the water.
Speed approx 2-3 mph in the water and approx 18 mph on land.

The REB was designed as a utility machine.

Reliant Reliant

A reliant is a car with 3 wheels and somebody made it amphibious.
The standard body work is alredy fibreglass so that makes a good start.

Further than this I now nothing.
any info will be highly appreciated.

Remu Bigfloat Remu bigfloat (1994)

Can be driven right into the water with it's tracks. (and driven out again) ;-)

Big Float amphibious excavators are manufactured in three sizes.  10.22 12.24 16.36
Starting point of every Big Float is the superstructure of standard excavators
To manufacture a Big Float the standard excavator is modified by replacing the normal boom with the long reach boom and removing the counterweight.
The old undercarriage is replaced with the pontoon structure.

VAB 4x4 Renault VAB 4x4 (1976)

More than 5,000 VAB's have been produced in thirty different versions. 376 VAB's were used in Operation Desert Storm and VAB has been deployed in United Nations peacekeeping missions.

New gen. of VAB has about 1100 improvements, and called 'VAB NG'.

Engine: diesel Renault M1DS 06-20-45 162 kW (220 HP)
Gearbox: automatic
Crew: 2+10
Length: 5980 width: 2490 height: 2060 mm
Ground clearance: 400 mm
Speed land 92 water: 8,5 km/h
Fuel: 300 litre
Range: 1000 km
Suspension: independent

VAB 6x6 Renault VAB 6x6

The VAB is usually made as a 4x4
The 6 x 6 costs 10 % more but its capacities off-road are better.

REO XM434e3
US Army photo
REO XM434e3 (1957 1960) Prototype

Amphibious vehicle with a water tight engine bay and a water tight loading bay. Amphibious without outside preparation. The radiator can be closed from the driver position???

Engine Four stroke V 8 diesel engine 170 hp
Gearbox: 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed land: 90 water: 3 km/h
The wheels give water propulsion.
Load: 3500 kg
Cab and body are made of aluminium to save weight.
Shoe brakes are mount outside the hull and are made water tight

Loading bay opens on 3 sides and over the full length.
Not needed after the helicopter came into service.

See also Ford and GMC
Residue Solutions Mudmaster

Residue Solutions Mudmaster
Residue Solutions MudMaster (2009)

They have 20 years experience in mud farming.

The "MudMaster" is a recognised benchmark in tailings dewatering technology and operates in many locations around the world.

MudMasters are built in Australia to Australian Engineering Standards and are also certified for use in the European Union.

The use of hydraulics solved the old transmission problems that the old Amphirolls had.
Rhino, Aghnides Amphibious Roller or Polywog

Rhino, Aghnides Amphibious Roller or Polywog

Rhino, Aghnides Amphibious Roller or Polywog
Rhino (1954 1957) Aghnides Amphibious Roller or Polywog

Special page

Made in Indianapolis USA by Marmon-Herrington-Company for Marsh use.
It is a 4x4 made out of aluminium.

Runs everywhere.
Water propulsion via chain driven jet drive between rear axle.
The nozzle can rotate 360 degrees for steering and reverse.

Engine: 110 hp
Speed land: 72 km/h Speed allowed: 40 water: 8 km/h
Length: 5700 width: 2850 height: 2950 mm
Weight: 5 000 kg
20 litre diesel on 100km.
The back wheels were steered!
The special wheel construction made it nearly impossible to let it fall on its side, even when the hang was 75% steep.

no picture Rhino see Croco

It is different from the Rhino above. :-)



Riley (1931)

For a private Africa expedition (London to Capetown) Riley needed a trick to cross the rivers on his journey.
The inflatable pontoons did the job but the holding rack was so close to the wheels that steering was impossible when the pontoons where in place.
The brand name of the car is Riley to, if you are wondering where Riley got the money for his expedition.

These pictures where send in by Angus Murray.

Rinspeed Splash (2004)

Rinspeed has build with the splash the ultimate TOY
The ultra-light carbon-composite skin has at the push of a button a hydraulic mechanism that transforms the sports car into an amphibious vehicle.
A complex integrated hydrofoil system enables the "Splash" to `fly' at an altitude of about 60 cm above the water.

Engine Weber MPE 750 cc 2 cylinder power 140 hp
Gearbox: Manual Gears 6
Rear wheel drive
Speed land: 200 water: 80 km/h
Acceleration: land 0-100 km/h approx. 5.9 sec
Propeller: 360 mm / 3 blade

The down side, beside that is not for sale, is that you do not want to hit a piece of drift wood with one of the wings at 80 km/h in the water.

Rodedawg - RUT (2006)

BAW = Beijing Automobile Works Co. Ltd

It is being marketed in three versions: 4x4 RUT, 4x4 RUV and 4x4 RST.

Engine: four-cylinder 2.77 L Isuzu 4JB1 turbocharged diesel 91 hp @3600 rpm
Speed land: 115 water 13 km/h

It is based on the Jeep-like BJ2020
(originally the BJ212) utility vehicle was developed for the People's Liberation Army in 1965, as well as the newer BJ2035 civilian SUV version.

The BJ2020-series has been improved over the years and its technology has benefited from a joint venture between BAW and a USA manufacturer for the Chinese market.

A military reconnaissance version of the amphibious Rodedawg has been used by the Chinese military for several years.


Rodedawg - RUV (2006)

BAW = Beijing Automobile Works Co. Ltd

Engine: four-cylinder 2.77 L Isuzu 4JB1 turbocharged diesel 91 hp @3600 rpm.
Speed land: 115 water 13 km/h

For water travel, the vehicle is driven by a rear propeller attached to the PTO shaft.
During amphibious operation, the four-speed manual transmission that drives a two-speed transfer box for the part-time four-wheel drive is placed in neutral.

Steering both in the water and on-land is done by the front wheels.


Rodedawg - RST (2006)

BAW = Beijing Automobile Works Co. Ltd

Engine: four-cylinder 2.77 L Isuzu 4JB1 turbocharged diesel 91 hp @3600 rpm.
Speed land: 115 water 13 km/h

This Rodedawg is an amphibious, 4x4 off-road recreational vehicle.


Off-road, it can handle up to 45 [degrees] grades without tipping.
Other mechanical features include a ladder-type chassis with two rigid live axles; four longitudinal, semi-elliptical leaf springs; and telescopic, hydraulic, double-acting shock absorbers on each wheel.
Disc brakes are used all around.

AmphiGeo Roerig AmphiGeo build by Mark Roerig (2000)

The AmphiGeo is a remarkable, yet simple design. The greatest attribute to the AmphiGeo is the low cost to build, compared to the conventional market, the cost is a whopping 75% lower!

You can build an Amphigeo for less than $4000 starting with a car of $1000.

Down sides:
1: Not street legal in most of the world.
2: It has a chain drive.
3: Engine is very close to your right ear.

Mark Roehrig has written a book that tells the basics of how he build that Amphigeo.

WheelSea Roerig WheelSea (2004)

Mark is was transforming this school bus to amphibious state.
He had plans to travel around the world and to cross the oceans with it.

It floats because of tanks mounted left and right under the bottom.

Structural stability in the ocean is a whole different matter.

But the name tells much "WheelSea"

Rokon Rokon

Not just a motor bike.
But a 2 wheel drive amphibious motorcycle.

Sins 1965, Rokon has been producing off-road motorcycles with an unique two-wheel drive system.

One proud owner added 2 floats and made it amphibious.


Rolligon Chevrolet truck ARC (1957

An old 6x6 7 ton truck transporter with Load Rollers instead of wheels.

Based on a Chevrolet truck
Engine: Chrysler 331 V8 or a Chevrolet 283 V8 engine.
Speed land: 75 km/h
Load 7000 kg
No water propulsion

Build by ARC, LB Rolligon Company , Seaside and Monterey, California.
Rolligon-jeep-1957 Rolligon Jeep FC 170

The "Rolligon" is based on a FC-170 cab and drive train components.

Land speed 50 km/h
Amphibious weight: 2200 kg
Load: 2000 kg

Rolligon 8x8 Brut I Rolligon 8x8 Brute I

Heavy duty 8x8 Brute I Tractor is highly amphibious with limited payloads. Rated at 40,000 lbs (18,144 kg) on land, the vehicle is available with many options. Genpole sets, rear frame mounted hydraulic knuckle boom crane, rear mounted hydraulic backhoe, rear deck winches with oilfield deck, etc.

Engine: Caterpillar, Cummins, 300 hp
When equipped with Rolligon 72x68-28 flotation tires, the vehicle features:
Ground pressures of 0.239 kgcm2
Ground Pressure full load: 0.239 kgcm2
Cargo capacity: 18144 kg
Speed land: 38 km/h

Rolligon 8x8 sb II Rolligon 8x8 SB II

Heavy duty 8x8 Brute II Tractor is highly winterized for Arctic application to -60c. Vehicle is amphibious with partial land payload. Maximum land payload rated at 40,000 lbs (18,144 kg). Unit ideal for heavy duty Arctic operations, pipeline construction, repair and emergency response applications. This vehicle is available with many options, Genpole set, rear frame mounted hydraulic knuckle boom crane, rear mounted hydraulic backhoe, rear deck winches etc. When equipped with Rolligon 72x68-28 Flotation tires, the vehicle features ground pressures of 3.4 psi (0.239 kgcm2).

Rolligon DUSTER Rolligon Duster

The Model 4440 is a 4x4 vehicle designed for light cargo's in extremely low ground pressure areas. Ideal for man portable equipment, drills and 3D systems deployment. Used extensively in very environmentally sensitive areas, shallow coastal zones and marshes.

Loaded ground pressure: 0.088 kg/cm2
Land load: 363 kg
Amphibious load: 272 kg
Speed land: 24 km/h

Roughrider Roughrider

You can find more about this machine in the museum of ROUTE6x6.

Picture used with permission from ROUTE6x6.

Rubtsovsk Ob'yekt 19

Rubtsovsk Ob'yekt 19

Rubtsovsk Ob'yekt 19
Rubtsovsk Ob'yekt 19 (Prototype 19) (1965)

Experimental reconnaissance vehicle, it is a mixed wheel-tracked BMP.

Engine: water-cooled diesel 300 hp
Speed land: 80 water: 10 km/h
Length: 6830 width: 2870 height: 2100 mm
Weight: 13 100 kg
Radius: 500 km highway
Crew: 2 + 7 OR 8 troops ?
Water propulsion: 2 water jets
Hybrid transition: 15 to 20 seconds

The complexity of the hybrid function costed much room for the troops and with the engine in the rear the only exit for the troops was over the roof.

It was not a new idea; Google on saurer rr7
Recently Panhard made a hybrid reconnaissance vehicle. (2010)

In Russian langage a prototype is called "Ob'yekt" and BMP translates to AFV.
The vehicle was first publicly seen in 2000.
Mike Ryan on amphibious bike

Mike Ryan on amphibious bike
Ryan  (1999)

The number 2 in the photo's is Mike Ryan. ;-)

See also Home made bikes (1999)
Rryan Streamline Ryan Streamline (1989)

This one was built around a 1.6-litre Ford Cortina GT engine.

In 1989, he attempted a record-breaking sea crossing from London to Calais.
Force 8-9 Gales. so they went after Blue Peters non-stop record by going up the Thames driving without rest for around 30 hours. The record still stands.

There is a Ford 1600 crossflow unit in the rear, driving an upside down front mounted differential and it is also powering a Z drive from the pulley.
The 'Z' drive is a small fold away type.

The car was sold in the 90s to a Dutch guy.
BUT where is it NOW???

Picture used with permission of Mike Ryan

Mike Ryan Panda

Mike Ryan Panda
Ryan Fiat Panda conversion (1994?)

Pictures used with permission of Mike Ryan

Ryan Lamborghini

Ryan Lamborghini
Ryan Lamborghini Countach (2000)

The end result is the most stunning car that puts all of the 'Bond' mock-up cars to shame. On the road it gives no clues to it's amazing capabilities.

It looks like a 100,000 worth of Italian exotica. It is fully amphibious with Formula 1 type push-rod suspension and hydraulic activators to compress the suspension when in the water to avoid suspension droop and drag.

Under the front is a hydrofoil to lift the front once water borne.

Then there is the smoke ejector and more.

Picture used with permission of Mike Ryan

Ryan Camper 1

Rayen Camper 2
Ice Cream Van

Ice Cream Van
Ryan Ice Cream Car (2011)

Not just an amphibious car!

It is an Ice Cream CAR

And I screamed!!!!!

Still need tecnical input from Mike Ryan

Picture used with permission of Mike Ryan

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