This page was updated on 19 May 2012 

HOME AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES
To view a larger image in a new window you have to one click the small photo's.
SA8 SA-8 (1975)

The SA-8 was developed in the late sixties.

An amphibious 6x6 surface-to-air missile launcher with its own radar systems for surveillance, tracking and missile guidance, it served as an replacement for towed anti-aircraft guns.

The crew of five are housed (obviously) at the front, while the engine is at the rear.

When it goes swimming, propulsion is via two water jets at the rear of the hull. Steering (on solid ground) works on the front and rear of the three axles.

SA Japan SA (194x)

Japanese Swamp Crossing Vehicle (SA)

Engine: Water Cooling Diesel 130PS/2,000 rpm
Speed land: 35 mud: 19 water: 8 km/h
Length: 6945 width: 2945 height: 2200 mm
Weight: 8250 kg
Crew: 2

The bags on the tracks are (water filled?/thick rubber?) for silent running on land.

See also: FB Japanese Swamp Crossing Vehicle

Sam Sam (2003)

All wheel drive Prototype amphibious vehicle from Poland

Engine: Fiat 120 HP 2000 cc
Gearbox: automatic
Diff. locks: front and rear
Speed land: 80 water: 10 km/h
Winch: PTO 6000 kg front
Propeller for water propulsion.
Load: 2 to 3 seats ?? and 300 kg

Little detail:
The engine is in the back, right behind the seats,
there is no fire wall or sound proofing at all.
And to make your smile bigger:
Between engine and gearbox there is a chain drive.

Salamander Sallie Salamander (2002)

Here name is Sally and her construction from aluminium started in 1999.
Richard Trojan has build her and she has her own website trojanandson.com

Engine: Mercruiser 350 Chevy
Out drive: Alpha-1
Hydraulic pumps: Mannesmann, Rexroth, Variable Displacement Series 31, AAIOVSO
Hydraulic pump auxiliary: AA10VS028 - Pressure Compensated Pump
Wheel motor: White fixed displacement
Length: 7260 width: 2800 height: 3000 mm with wheels down.
Ground clearance: 300 mm
Wheel base: 5280 mm
Weight: 3200 load land: 1000 load water: 2000 kg
Tires: 31" diameter
Steering (boat) Passive hydraulic helm controls
Steering (car) front wheels via tie rods and Chevy Steering Box

Scat Scat http://www.route6x6.com

You can find more about this machine in the museum of ROUTE6x6.

Picture used with permission from ROUTE6x6.

Schafer-Orion

Schafer Orion 1 (1968) in water

Schafer Orion 1 (1968) propeller
Schafer Orion 1 (1968)

An amphibious camper (motor-home).

Designed by Ing. Dr. Freise. On a modified chassis of the VW Van type 26, he placed the modified body of a Suleica G500, with the new front of the Tempo Matador but with round head-lights en a boat like bottom.

A propeller was mounted on the rear, with a clutch to the crankshaft pulley.

As far as know the water-tight Orion 1 sailed only for promotional purposes and was then forgotten.

( But not by me. ;-)

The prototype still exists but it is not water tight any-more
(the door is lowered and ventilation holes for a fridge are placed )
and the water propulsion is removed.

Schafer Suleica amphib caravan

Schafer Suleica amphib caravan

Schafer Suleica amphib caravan

Schafer Suleica amphib caravan
Schafer / Suleica Amphibious Caravan (1967)

The 2 amphibious models the 500S and the 430S can be moved either by a:
25 hp outboard motor or pulled by amphibious car.

Already in 1961 Suleica was selling amphibious caravans.

The stuff dreams are made of
Out of this world
Out of reach.

In 1967 this was the TOP in quality and in price.

The standard production was not amphibious some extra work was needed.

F 430 amphibious has extra:
A fat-sealed axle and a foamed filed double bottom.
The door has a 300 mm higher board.
Weight 560 kg price (1967) 10.350 DM about 5175 Euro

A total of 800 (500 and 430 model together) where manufactured.
Not al are amphibious caravans!

Owners of a Suleica Caravan can be found at

www.suleica-orion-club.de/

On www.suleica-caravans.de there is a specal page about the amphibious caravans.

Schneider Laurant Schneider-Laurent-amphibious tank (1930)

This is a French construction and it had three different purposes:
1: it had tracks
2: it had wheels
3: it had two propellers

The change from tracks to wheel drive could be done within 3 minutes.
But the crew had to leave the vehicle for that job!

Engine: V 8 petrol 100 hp

Picture and info was send in by Rene Pohl the author of the book
"Mit dem Auto baden gehen", ISBN 3893657029. Who has an amphibious site of his one.

SchwimmKubelwagen 82

SchwimmKubelwagen 82
SchwimmKubeLwagen 82 (1940)

This is a Prototype Schwimmwagen with the bodywork from a type 82 Kubelwagen.

SchwimmKubelwagen 181 SchwimmKubelwagen 181

This to is a Prototype Schwimmwagen but this one has the bodywork from a type 181 Kubelwagen. (The THING)

It is the only amphibious 181 in the world.

Info send in by Frank Suha.

Schwimmwagen type 128

Schwimmwagen type 128

Schwimmwagen type 128

Schwimmwagen type 128
Schwimmwagen Type 128 (1940)

This is the Prototype Schwimmwagen.

Professor Porsche developed the Schwimmwagen based on the standard VW Kubelwagen and work done by Hannes Trippel on the SG7.

Production started with 30 vehicles being produced at the Wolfsburg Volkswagen works.

Engine: 1131 cc 25 hp @ 3000 r/m four-cylinder air cooled.
Gearbox: 5 + 1 speed manual
4x4 only in 1e gear granny low
Speed land: 80 water: 10 km/h
On normal road, only the rear wheels are driven.
Self-locking differentials were fitted to both axles.
Portal gear hubs for better ground clearance at the rear axle.
Tires: 5.25 x 16
Ground clearance 245 mm
Length: 4200 width: 1620 height: 1710 mm
Wheelbase: 2400 mm
Weight: 950 kg

The three-blade propeller, stored in an upright position, that can be swung down when needed. Power take off came from the crankshaft and was send by an external chain box to the propeller.


Porsche company offered 3 different cars:
1- The type 128
2- A lighter version the type 138 in pre-series 125 where build.
3- The type 166 - A shorter and narrow version

At the end of 1941 an order was placed. It was to be the Type 166.

Schwimmwagen type 129 Schwimmwagen Type 129

Guided bomb with rocket propulsion. Controlled by wire remote!

An experimental vehicle with 2 rockets on the back.
The remote diver had no feeling over the car getting out of the water so then the rockets where used to help getting out of the water at an embankment.

On the photo only 2 air bottles are visible.
the rocket it self is not there. (middle rear)
SchwimmWagen 128 - 138 Schwimmwagen Type 138 (1942)

Vorserienschwimmwagen that means pre-series swimmers.

A total of 125 were made.

The difference with the Type 128 is a little loss of weight.

But the welded body tubs, where to weak for tough off-roading.

Schwimmwagen

Schwimmwagen 166

schwimmwagen 4x4 leaver

propellor engage
Schwimmwagen 166 (1942)

The resulting vehicle of the pre serie 128 was the Type 166 Schwimmwagen.

SW 166 is 40 cm shorter and 10 cm smaller than the earlier type 128.
The tow hooks are stronger.
The same power plant of 1130 cc used in the Kubelwagen was used in the Schwimmwagen.

15,584 were produced
14,276 at Fallersleben
1,308 by Porsche

Engine: 1131 cc 25 hp @ 3000 r/m four-cylinder air cooled.
Gearbox: 5 + 1 speed manual
Transfer-box: 1
Speed land: 74 water: 12 km/h
On normal road, only the rear wheels are driven until a fifth granny low gear was selected.
But some selected four-wheel drive with a small lever behind the gear lever.
Third option was a lever in front of the gear shift lever.
Self-locking differentials were fitted to both axles.
Portal gear hubs for better ground clearance at the rear axle.
Length: 3825 width: 1615 height: 1505 mm
Wheel-base of 2000 mm
Weight: 910 kg
Tires: 5.25 x 16
Ground clearance 292 mm

After the WWII Germany was forbidden to build amphibious cars. Hannes Trippel was send to jail for building a private amphibious car. He was also forbidden to develop them until 1959 after his release. If not the Amphicar story had been different.

Fiberglass Schwimmwagen Kitcar

Fiberglass Schwimmwagen Kitcar

Fiberglass Schwimmwagen Kitcar
Fiberglass Schwimmwagen Kitcar (2008)

Some say this is the end of the world.
for others this is the other end (the fun side)

I see it as a model in 1:1 scale. ;-)

The question is can it be road legal?



www.panzerwerks.net/schwimmwagon/schwimmer.htm
Scrambler Scrambler http://www.route6x6.com

You can find more about this machine in the museum of ROUTE6x6.

Picture used with permission from ROUTE6x6.

Sea Turtle (1927)

Sea Turtle (1927)

Sea Turtle (1927)
Sea Turtl (1927)

Designed by Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar, the Sea Turtle was a 21-foot boat built onto a Ford chassis.

This steel craft was the used during the "Aleutian expedition" organized by National Geographic to research the Volcanoes of Alaska.

The Aleutian Range is a major mountain range of South-west Alaska, from Chakachamna Lake 130 km South-west of Anchorage) to Unimak Island.

Before the vehicle enters the water paddle wheels were put on the rear wheels
these kicked the boot forward, while the narrow front wheels acted as rudders.

Before the Sea Turtle Dr. Jaggar had an amphibious vehicle the "Sand Crab".
But I can not find any info about the "Sand Crab".

This vehicle was mentioned in Popular Mechanics November 1945 and Popular Science June 1945
SeaHorse Coach and Kitcar
SeaHorse (2008)

It looks like a DUKW but the hull, deck and canopy are constructed from glass reinforced plastic (GRP)

It comes as a turn key COACH or as a KIT-CAR.
But it is NOT a 200 hour project :-)

The traditional calliper and wheel drum mechanisms have been replaced by hydraulic drive systems incorporating internal disc brakes.

For road power, four or six wheel-located hydraulic motors are used.
For power afloat, hydraulics replace conventional prop-shafts.
A water-jet replaces the propeller and rudder.

Sealand Marine Seamaster

Sealand Marine Seamaster

Sealand Marine Seamaster

Sealand Marine Seamaster
Sealander marine (2006)

First photo was taken by Trevor,
in Cornwall England, the Amphib is used as a ferry for St Michaels mount island.

Seamaster tour version

Length: 10000 mm
Load 6000 kg or 46 passengers

The original Seamaster is in service ferrying up to 46 passengers to & from a small island off the Cornish coast in England. The owners here required the Seamaster to be a lifeline to the main land even when their fleet of smaller passenger boats were unable to put to sea.

The final specification included twin engines, two hydraulic lift stairways and a disabled person's lift that doubles as a cargo loading platform.

The vehicle is build by Sealander marine.


Sealander on land

Sealander caravan electric outboard

Sealnder on the water

Sealander making beds

Sealander cabrio roof
Sealander Caravan 2011

Length over all: 3890 mm
Length body: 3560 mm
Wide: 1600 mm
Hight: 1850 mm
Weight empty: 380 kg
Load: ??

Bed size: 1560 x 2000 mm
Storage room under the bed.
The Sealander has a kitchen with sink
There is also room for a small portable toilet.

Needs an outboard Max 5 hp petrol or electric.
The under side of the Monocok body has a double bottom.

So no cold feet and no wet feet. ;-)

The wheels stay under the caravan in the water.
The front has a swim stairs
The rear side has a sort of cabro roof.


www.sealander.de
ealander BIG

Sealander

Sealander Displacing

Sealander rear
Sealander MK2 (1992)

Made by T & M Roycroft from New Sealand.

This prototype was built 1992 and has a 1.8 Subaru 4x4 running gear.
A patented wheel fold up system. driven by a 12 volt starter engine.

It does normal speeds on the road and will easily do 20 knots on the water.

It has a Hamilton water jet.
This vehicle was the start of the Gibbs line of Amphibs.


Photo's where send to me  by Stephen Snedden
Sealegs

Sealegs BIGGER

Sealegs (2003)  UPDATE 2011

Sealegs makes different high performance boats.

The one at the top is 4700 mm long the one on the bottom 5600 mm long
they can be driven in and out of the water under there own power.

They do approx 10 km/h on land and 60 km/h in the water.

An in-board Honda petrol engine drives the two rear wheels via a hydraulic pump and hydraulic wheel motors for on-land use. (front wheel drive is optional)

By pressing a button, all three wheels are hydraulically raised or lowered, like an aircraft under carriage.

The front wheel is steerable with the steering wheel.

MANY other sizes, including barge types, by custom order.

UPDATE 2011

There largest amphibious vessels are between 7 and 12 meters in length
and capable of taking up a load to 5000 kg.
All wheels can be powered by the hydraulic pump

www.sealegs.com

Sea Lion

Sea Lion

Sea Lion

Sea Lion
Sea Lion (2006)

This is a  one-off and it took six years to build.

Engine: Mazda rotary
Speed land: 200 km/h  water: 97 km/h

It is configured to be world’s fastest amphibious vehicle.
The trans-axle is geared for speeds up to 290 km/h


The car, designed by Marc Witt, borrows no structural parts from other cars
and is a break from earlier, ‘amphicars’ with its aluminum and stainless-steel finish.

When it transforms from car into an boat the wheels lift level with the bottom of the hull.
The hull closes under the wheels with metal plates.
The front spoiler lifts upward and acts then as the front of the hull.



Info was send in by Neil from GB

No picture Sea-Range see Colani Sea-Ranger
SeaRoader SeaRoader (2001)

Developed by Mike Ryan then taken over by Rob Andrews.
The SeaRoader concept was kept as simple as possible.
One of the water propulsion systems was a 2 cylinder Beta marine diesel 'Series 10' with a F/N/R gearbox.

The engine bay is open at the under side to get more cooling. That gives an oil spill risk.

Length: 4370 width: 1750 height: 1750 mm

www.searoader.com

SeaRoader SeaRoader (2006)

Development was taken back by Mike Ryan.
This Amphibious vehicle is Land Rover 110 based.
It uses a second engine for water propulsion.

The SeaRoader concept was kept as simple as possible. To simple at first, it had no real hull under the car engine. SeaRoader takes the possibility of polluting very serious.
A collector has been developed to avoid spillage this leaves a large opening to get the engine heat out. The engine will not overheat when used on the road.

Mike has email me:
We have added a secondary sump and front cover with it's own drain. This totally encloses the original sump and crank and frontal pulley above the gasket line. It has a compression seal that fits around the engine block. We have also done the same at the top of the engine, again sealing against the cylinder block below the cylinder head gasket.

It is now impossible for any oil or diesel escaping from the engine or auxiliaries to make contact with the water. I am very pleased as we will not have any environmental issues or overheating problems.

Mike

www.searoader.com

Searover Sea Rover (1991)

Amphibious modified Landrover.

Engine: Turbocharged Bedford diesel
Speed land 95 km/h water: 6 knots

(Photo from Overlander 4WD November 1991)

SeaWolf150

SeaWolf150

SeaWolf150
SeaWolf150

Amphibious modified Ford F150

Based on the 2 wheel or 4-wheel drive, super cab,
extended cab or crew cab models.

Designed to be a fun filled water craft that is on-road friendly.

Full Coast Guard Safety features standard. Extended cargo capacity.

Available option are only exceeded by the customers dreams.

But limited by the customers income. ;-)

If you want to send E-Mail to the web master (Amphi)Hans Rosloot