This page was updated on 08 July 2014 

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AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES
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Valentine DD

Valentine DD

Valentine DD

Valentine DD

Valentine DD (1943)

After the tests on the Tetrarch light tank in Portsmouth Harbour proved successful, the Valentine, a reliable British tank, was chosen to enter DD production.

In 1944, the Valentine was a bit passed as a weapon of war, so the same principle was applied to the Sherman tank.

Most DD tank crews, did their first training on the Valentine DD.

See also the Tetrarch DD light tank and the Sherman DD
France Valt atnor 6x6 ATV

France Valt atnor 6x6 ATV

France Valt atnor 6x6 ATV

France Valt atnor 6x6 ATV
Valt Atnor (1985)

France six wheel drive ATV

Engine: 2CV Citroen 29 hp
Gearbox: Citroen 4 forward 1 reverse
Weight: 589 kg

Steers with 2 handles, pull one handle to engage the breaks on one side.


It is a small ATV


Not fully grown up yet. ;-)

There for it needs a little help to swim . :)

The vehicle was for sale on Ebay
Lada VAZ made by Bronto

Lada VAZ made by Bronto

Lada VAZ made by Bronto

Lada VAZ made by Bronto

Lada VAZ Rust in peace
VAZ 1922 MARSH (199X)

This project was made by BRONTO
that is an experimental product division of the Lada/VAZ factory.

Maybe a few 100 were made
Maybe the are still been made

They are used in the Russian swamp

Speed land: 67 water: 5 km/h

Tires: TRECOL ultra low pressure 201 "Speedway " 1300 ? 600 ? 533

Chassis used is the same as an UAZ 466

Drive train unknown but not standard Lada. ;-)

In 2008 a modified GAZ Gazelle with the same function saw the light of production.
That can be the reason that the one in the last photo was found in Moscow city.

Another curiosity of Marsh.

Without any modification the Marsh 1922 reached the Earth North Pole in January of the year 2000.

It was driven by two people from the Russian research base that is about 114 km from the Pole.

90 years after Robert Edwin Peary, a Niva settled on the Earth North.

They say that Marsh behaved perfectly, maintaining an average speed of 20-15 Km/h in an average temperature of -30\BAC.

VAZ 2122

VAZ 2122

VAZ 2122

VAZ 2122

VAZ 2122
VAZ 2122 Peka' Russian for 'River' (1976)

In the period from 1978 to 1987 21 (??)  Amphibs where made.

The first prototypes had big problems with the overheating of the gearbox and the front diff.

That is why a hole in the front and a hole in the back was made, (to be closed in the water), the flow of air through the double bottom cooled the gear box and the diff. when on the road.
The (made watertight) bottom plate was from the Lada Niva cabriolet.

Most parts came from the Lada Niva 2121.

There where two prototypes build one green on one white/yellow
later both where painted gray-blue
VAZ-E2122/VAZ-2E2122 and the
VAZ-2122 VAZ E2122
Engine: 4 cylinder petrol Lada 1.6 litre
Length: 3735 width: 1690 height: 1775 mm
Weight: 1200 kg
Speed land: 115 water: 4.3 km/h
Water propulsion: wheels only
VAZ 2122
Engine: 4 cylinder petrol Lada 1.294 cc
Length: 3714 width: 1678 height: 1680 mm
Weight: XX kg Speed land: 110 water: 4.0 km/h
Water propulsion: wheels only
Wheelbase: 2200 mm

This amphibious vehicle participated in the contest of ministry of defence on the army amphibious vehicles in 1985 on a par with UAZ(GAZ)-3907 jaguar and NAMI-0281.
The order was won by GAZ-3937 Vodnik.

In 1987 production models where build (Series 2122 ?600?), 3 models exist.
1 in the Military Museum of Riazan
1 in the Museum of Transport Technique of Kaunase
1 in private hands
Venema homebuild Venema (2004)

This 8x8 is home build in Holland.
Engine: 4 hp Briggs and Stratton with an electric starter.
Gearbox: 3 gears forward and 3 gears backward, automatic clutch.
Speed land: 20 km/h
Skid steering by breaking the wheels on one side by scooter disk brakes.

It has a water jet for propulsion in the water.
Steering by breaking the wheels on one side by disk brakes from a scooter.

Vespa Scooter Vespa scooter (1952)

Constructed by the Fransman Greorge Monnerer for a Paris to London rally. The picture was taken during the crossing of the English channel.

Info and picture came from Nick Topping.

Vickers light tank in Holland

Vickers light tank

Vickers light tank
Vickers Carden Loyd amphibious tank (1931)

First photo is taken Holland

It is only amphibious with Balsa wood floats
and very very light weapons

This tank was used from China to Poland.
The Soviet T37 was made from the same drawing.

Known as A4E11 and A4E12, but to confuse things also known as L1E1 and L1E2.
Engine: 6 cylinder Meadows 90 hp
Speed land: 40 water: 6 km/h
Length: 4400 width: 2150 height: 2030 mm
Weight: 2170 kg
Armour: 11 mm
Water propulsion: propeller and rudder
Crew: 2

Vickers light tank Mark II

Vickers light tank Mark II
Vickers Light Tank Mark II (1932)
The mark II had the same hull as the Mark 1A, but used the Horstman suspension.

That is why I hate TANKS! :-)

Three prototypes A4E13, A4E14 and A4E15 where build. the last 2 of these were made water tight (the rivets closely spaced) and where given floats. They were then fitted with flotation devices and used for water tests.

Driven by an outboard engine they where the first closed amphibious tanks.

Engine: Rolls Royce 66 hp
Speed land: 50 km/h
Length: 3700 width: 2050 height: 2200 mm
Weight: 4250 kg
Armour: 4 - 10 mm
Crew: 2

1939 Vickers tank

1939 Vickers tank
Vickers Tank (1939)

It was designed and produced by Vickers.
To increase the buoyancy the road-wheels were made hollow and watertight.

It came never to series production.

Engine: 6 cylinder Meadows ESTB 88 hp
Speed water: 6.5 km/h
Length: 4950 width: 2620 height: 2585 mm
Weight: 4400 kg
Crew: 2
Vityaz MDT-2

Vityaz MDT-2
Vityaz MDT-2

Engine: diesel YaMZ-236 180 hp
Gearbox: 2 hydraulic pumps connected to 4 hydraulic motors
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: tyres only
Heater:
Weight: ?? kg load: 2500 kg
Length: ? width: ? height ? mm
Speed land: 45 km/h speed water: ? km/h
Range:
Crew/passengers: 4 in front and 12 in the rear vehicle

Is an amphibious wheel-mounted tractor
It is designed for use under severe climate conditions on very difficult roads
And with temperatures between 40\B0 C and minus 50\B0 C

The tyres make it possible to drive this machine on normal roads.
Vityaz DT-02P

Vityaz DT-02P
Vityaz DT-02P

Amphibious Tracked Cross-country vehicle or two-unit CTV's
Constructed by the Machine Building Company Vityaz in Bashkortostan.

Engine: Cummins 4 stroke turbo-diesel 173 hp
Gearbox: 5 speed automatic Allison series 3000
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = Webasto
Weight: 3500 kg load: 2000 kg
Length: ? width: ? height ? mm
Speed land: 60 km/h speed water: 6 km/h
Range: 600 t0 700 km

Crew/passengers: 1 driver + 4 in front and 10 in rear vehicle.
Vityaz DT-03P

Vityaz DT-03P

Vityaz DT-03P
Vityaz DT-03P 

Amphibious Tracked Cross-country vehicle or two-unit CTVs.

Engine: Cummins 6,7 litre 4 stroke turbo-diesel 240 hp
Gearbox: 5 speed automatic Allison series 3000
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = Webasto
Weight: 4300 kg load: 3000 kg
Length: ? width: ? height ? mm
Speed land: 60 km/h speed water: 6 km/h
Range: 600 t0 700 km

Crew: 4 max
Vityaz DT-05P

Vityaz DT-05P
Vityaz DT-05P

Engine: Cummins 4 stroke turbo diesel 360 hp
Gearbox: Hydro-mechanical Allison 6- TI automatic
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 7000 kg load: 5000 kg
Length: 10870 width: 2800 height 2800 mm
Track width: 960 mm
Speed land: 40 km/h speed water: 5 km/h
Range: 500 km

Crew: 5/2

Designed for work under difficult climatic conditions of the extreme north, Siberia and the Far East (swamp, snow, impassable road) at an temperature from plus 40 to minus 50 Celsius.

It is an unique type of amphibious articulated tracked cargo vehicle
that can operate under extreme weather conditions.

Vityaz DT-07P

Vityaz DT-07P
Vityaz DT-07P

Engine: Cummins Turbo Diesel L 360 20 360 hp
Gearbox: Hydro-mechanical Allison 6- TI automatic
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 15000 kg load: 7000 kg
Speed land: 40 km/h speed water: 5 km/h
Length: 11900 width: 2800 height 2800 mm
Track width: 960 mm
Range: 500 km

Crew: 5 but 2 can sleep

It is intended for the work at a temperature from plus 40 to minus 50 Celsius.
It is a floating articulated tracked vehicles for use under the extra-heavy road and weather conditions.
It can be used as a basis for mounting and transport of special technological equipment.

Vityaz DT-08P

Vityaz DT-08P
Vityaz DT-08P

Engine: YaMZ]8424-10 470 hp (Cummins Turbo Diesel L 360 20 360 hp)
Gearbox:
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 19000 kg load: 8000 kg
Length: 13200 width: 2800 height 2700 mm
Track width: 960 mm
Speed land: 40km/h speed water: 5 to 6 km/h
Range: 500 km

Crew: 5/2
Vityaz DT-10P

Vityaz DT-10P

Vityaz DT-10P

Vityaz DT-10P
Vityaz DT-10P (1982)

Engine: 4 stroke, V-12 multi fuel turbocharged with direct injection 710 hp
Engine starter: compressed air and 24 V electric starter
Gearbox:
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 11500 kg load: 10000 kg
Length: 16080 width: 3100 height 3290 mm
Track width: 960 mm
Speed land: 37 km/h speed water: 5 to 6 km/h
Heater: PZHD-600.
Range: 700 km

Crew: 4 + 4 max

Jane says: 10 passengers, including the crew of five!

DT-10PM, is in use by the UN and by civilian Arctic and Antarctic research outfits.
Vityaz DT-10PA

Vityaz DT-10PA

Vityaz DT-10PA
Vityaz DT-10PA

The DT-10PA is the passenger version of the 10P

Engine: 4 stroke, V-12 multi fuel turbocharged with direct injection 710 hp
Engine starter: compressed air and 24 V electric starter
Gearbox:
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight total: 22000 kg
Length: 14350 width: 2910 height 3295 mm
Track width: 960 mm
Speed land: 37 km/h speed water: 5 km/h
Heater: ??-65?
Range: 500 km

Crew: 1 or 2 ???
Passengers: 3 in front 38 to 42 in the rear section

The DT-10PA is designed on the base of the two-section carrier DT-10P.
This vehicle is designed to provide comfortable
transport for up to 42 passengers, especially
under difficult road conditions and severe climatic conditions.

Vityaz DT-10PM

Vityaz DT-10PM
Vityaz DT-10PM

DT-10PM Vezdesusciy is the improved variant of the DT-10P

Engine: 4 stroke, V-12 multi fuel turbocharged with direct injection 800 hp
Engine starter: compressed air and 24 V electric starter
Gearbox:
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 27000 kg load: 10000 kg
Length: 14350 width: 3100 height 3295 mm
Track width: 960 mm
Speed land: 45 km/h speed water: 5 to 6 km/h
Heater: PZHD-600.
Range: 700 km

Crew: 5

Vityaz DT-10PM Vityaz DT-10PM


Vityaz DT-20P

DT-20P has 20 ton load capacity.
The amphibious trailers have the same load capacity.
The non amphibious trailers can be bigger

Vityaz DT-20PM
Vityaz DT-20PM

Vityaz DT-20PM

Engine: 4 stroke, V-12 multi fuel turbocharged with direct injection 800 hp
Engine starter: compressed air and 24 V electric starter
Gearbox:
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 19000 kg load: 20000 kg
Length: 15252 width: 3100 height 3270 mm
Track width: 960 mm
Speed land: 45 km/h speed water: 5 to 6 km/h
Heater: PZHD-600.
Range: 700 km

Crew: 5 max
Vityaz DT-30P

Vityaz DT-30P

Vityaz DT-30P

Vityaz DT-30P

Vityaz DT-30P
Vityaz DT-30P (1985)

It was build by the Machine building Company Vityaz in Bashkortostan.

The original DT-30P is no longer in production
and has never been exported outside the former Soviet republic.

Engine: V-12 multi fuel 710 hp
Gearbox: first a torque converter and then a hydro mechanical transmission
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 21500 kg load: 30000 kg
Length: 15590 width:3100 eight 3300 mm
Track width: 1100 mm
Speed land: 37 km/h speed water: 4 km/h
Range: 500 km

Crew: 5 max

It has an unique track and suspension system with wide band tracks, road wheels with rubber pads.

Between the units there are 2 horizontal and 2 vertical hydraulic cylinders which allow the two vehicles to move vertically and horizontally in relation to each other.
Trailer(s) are powered by a drive shaft that runs in the middle of those cylinders.

This makes the articulated vehicles with a maximum weight of up to 60 tons more capable in terms of their swamp-, moving sand- loose soil- and snow-going capacity, than any type of single-unit swamp- and snow-going vehicle.

It can still drive off-road with one unit disabled or without one, or even without both tracks on one of the units. It can cross ditches up to almost the length of one of the vehicles.

DT-10PM and DT-30PM, are in use by those looking for or drilling for oil in the far north of the Earth.

Phillip Willis has emailed (Feb 2009)
that I forgot to added this big Amphib.
And he was right. ;-)
Vityaz DT-30PM

Vityaz DT-30PM

Vityaz DT-30PM
Vityaz DT-30PM (2000)

DT-30PM, improved version of the DT-30P

Engine: YaMZ 800 hp
Gearbox: 5 speed + single-stage torque converter
T-box: two planetary with lock diff ?
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 30000 kg load: 30000 kg
Length: 16080 width: 3100 height 3290 mm
Track width: 900 mm
Speed land: 37 km/h speed water: 4 km/h OR land 45 km/h water 5 to 6 km/h
What to believe ??
Range: 500 to 700 km

Maybe you want to drive around after the thermonuclear apocalypse. ;-)

Sure, you could hop into a Tatra 8x8

Having a choice I let my little sister drive the Tatra.
I like to take the the REAL pre apocalypse vehicle!

Look-out for that tree! Pffff what tree?
That is no tree that is a leaf in the wind.

DT-30P-18P

DT-30P-U-18PG

U-18PG
Vityaz DT-30P-18P

Two-unit caterpillar with trailer
Engine: YaMZ 710 hp
Gearbox:
Steering: hydraulic
Suspension: torsion
Heater: engine and cabin = ?
Weight: 38000 kg load: 48000 kg
Length: 22610 width: 3100 height 3290 mm
Track width: 1100 mm
Speed land: 37 km/h speed water: 3 km/h
Range: 500 km
Crew: 5 max

U-18PG
The amphibious trailer is intended for up to 8 persons and has
autonomous electric light, heating, air-conditioning and ventilation.

The trailer is normally attached to units DT- 30KE, DT- 30PKE1 and
the two-section track carrier DT-30P.

The second or third trailer can be a non amphibious trailer

In 1994 the two-section caterpillar carriers ?Vityaz? were awarded the Russian State Award.

Voisin TEP

Voisin TEP

Voisin TEP

Voisin TEP

Voisin T. E. P. (1952) Prototype

T. E. P. stands for (Transport Estafette Parachutable) = Air droppable
It is the last of Gabriel Voisin's designs.

Engine: 2 cylinder air-cooled (2 fans) Panhard 50 hp ??? (French horses ??)
Transmission: chain to gearbox
Gearbox: ...
Transmission: chain to front wheels and axle to a second rear gearbox
Second gearbox: ...
Transmission: chains rear axle and the propeller

Hull: aluminium

Shifter and hand brake on the dashboard
Strange black control levers next to the drivers legs

The steering is by two steering wheels
One for the front wheels
The second controls a small rudder behind the propeller



Volkswagen see VW
Valp Volvo L-3314 Amphibi.

This was a amphibious Valp.  Valp is Swedish for "Puppy"
It was tested on the G0ta river.

Different propeller arrangements was tried until they found something called a "Water Jet" in England.
The rear wheel arches are covered in order to increase performance when using the wheels only to force the vehicle forwards in the water.
Actually the vehicle could make 2-3 knots in calm waters only by using the wheels.
With the "jet device" the vehicle archived 4-5 knots.

Picture used by permission of Rickard Bergius.

Volvo BV 202

Volvo BV 202
Volvo BV202 Snowcat (1958)

Engine: B20B 94 hp
Gearbox: ZF S4-18/3
Transfer-box: Volvo G5
Steering: hydrostatic
Weight: 3200 kg (incl. spare parts and all)
Load: 1200 kg
Length: 6178 mm width: 1760 mm height: 2210 mm
Speed land: 39 km/h Water: 3 km/h but there is a version that can do 50 km/h on land
Range: 400 km
Bilge pumps: 2

In service from 1962 to 1981 as a Tracked over-snow vehicle.
A desert version with better cooling was also available.

Volvo C304 Volvo C304 Amphibi

Special page

An other Volvo in the water!
In the late sixties Volvo tested the amphibious capabilities of the "Laplander". With that experience Volvo made a serious attempt to create an amphibious version of the C300-series. Project "4142" was started in 1972 with 5 prototypes. They were 6x6 and had a watertight transmission and bodywork. Air intake and exhaust outlet were placed on the roof directly above the engine and in/out air went through a shaft in the middle of the vehicle.

voyager

voyager

voyager
Voyager (2008)

Made by John Brown out of Fibreglass

Molds where one time use
So this is truly a one of a kind

It has a chassis made out of tubes
Engine: Yaris diesel
Gearbox: Samurai
Transfer-box: Samurai
Axles: Samurai

seegolf

seegolf

seegolf
VW SeeGOLF (SeaRabit) (1983)

She is based on a Golf I Cabrio
Made in 1983 for the Golf GTI meeting at the Woerthersee Treffen.

Engine: 150 hp engine.

It has two floating platforms (made of aluminum) that can be raised above the cabin
or hydraulically pushed down in the water so that the car is above the water line.

The propeller is driven by a long shaft from the front engine.

Beetle VW Water beetle

Made in Britain, it has a propeller driven by the fan belt pulley (no reverse). The bottom of the Beetle is made "waterproof" and the lower parts of the doors have metal plates on the inside. Look at the water that the bilge pumps pump out. :)
The under side of the engine is in the water, the top of the engine is kept dry by a metal casing. The engine hood (bonnet) is removed to cool the top side of the engine. (There is no air cooling in the water. :)

Sea Bug

Sea Bug

VW Sea Bug original build by Paul Greene +- 1985 - 1990

Photo was taken in Queensland, Australia, around 1990.

Send in by Bertrand from Australia.

It is an Amphibious Volkswagen with a small propeller attached to the rear of the engines drive shaft.



forums.aussieveedubbers.com/viewtopic.php?tid=49123

last Photo is Sea Bug in 2006 ?
Sea Bug still lives in the garage of Pauls son.
It is more fibreglass than steel.


Water Beetle

Water Beetle
VW water beetle extra.

The photos are made in the VW museum in Sweden.

Water Beetle Water Beetle Water Beetle

Holmgrens Volkswagenmuseum

Open the first Sunday in April - October

Or phone 0582 - 400 10 and see what is possible.
also for groups / meetings e.t.c.
Sea Bug?????

Water Beetle

Malcolm Buchanan Irish Sea Crossing
VW Water beetle  more and more

In 1985, the former Blue Peter presenter Peter Duncan made an unsuccessful attempt to cross the English Channel in a Volkswagen for his programme Duncan Dares.

Some say that this is the original Sea Bug of Paul Greene but I have my doubts.

The problem was really the TV station that insisted that he had to depart on a certain day. The weather was very rough the TV guys carried the cost of the support boat e.t.c e.t.c.

On a 1996 fair in Scotland a differed beetle was one of the star attractions
"The unique (LCV) \B4Lothians Volkswagen Club\B4 Water Beetle" which crossed from the mainland to Skye and back toll-free without using the bridge.

Scale model = RIOSL051 VW Beetle Amphibian, 1964 1:43

Alan Meldrum of the LVC wrote;

I found your website with its reference to Lothians Volkswagen Club Water Beetle.

The VW was created in 1990 to celebrate 100 years of the Forth Rail Bridge. It was our gesture of one great engineering achievement reflecting another. The car has been out many times, the Skye Bridge protest crossing was great fun, a new bridge had been built and the toll was 8 Euro for a 70 meter trip, people were very unhappy, we used the Water Beetle to make a point.

Next info is from:
forums.aussieveedubbers.com


The first Water beetle ever was at Perth in 1961/1962 at the opening of the Narrows Bridge and Free-way.
Two car dealers Peter Webster and Stuart Campbell drove off the river edge and under the new bridge. It caused a sensation.

And there was:

Malcolm Buchanan who crosses the Irish Sea from the Isle of Mann in his roadworthy Beetle.
Bottom photo.

If you want to send E-Mail to the web master (Amphi)Hans Rosloot