This page was updated on 6 April 2014 

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AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES
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SEE BELOW
AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES Build BY ZAM S.A.S.

Director Maurizio Zanisi was born in Milan.

1996 - 2002 : PRE-PROTOTIPI
2005 : FIAT PANDA (prima serie)
2005 - 2006 : FIAT PANDA (seconda serie)
2007 - 2008 : IVECO 40.10 DIMOSTRATORE
2009 - 2010 : IVECO AV40E18W - PT0
2011 : IVECO AV40E18W - PTN
2012 : IVECO AV40E18W - PT1

I have to try to get some logic into all his Amphibs!
Proto type ZAM S.A.S. Prototype Terra-Mare (1996 - 2002)

Special page

Seen at the Amphib2000
It is a 4wd without any diff lock, the land propulsion is from a Golf diesel that also drives the blower for the skirts.
An outboard engine is used for water propulsion.

Much details are to be found on the special page!

Maurizio says about it:

Pre-001 prototype began its life in December 1996:
She was a real "test bench" on which was
experienced with a system of retractable wheels
and a open-end "skirt" for the hovering function.

Pre-002 prototype PPT001:
She was put on the road October 1999
and went hovering in June 2002
with open-end skirt reaching 40 km/h in water with submerged propeller.
also experimented with an air propeller that did not worked out because of the noise and the reduced manoeuvrability.
Panda prima serie
ZAM S.A.S. FIAT PANDA (prima serie) (2004)

Panda prototype amphibious first series,
She has two closed type tubular floating devices
achieved 30 Km/h in water. It performed on many lakes.

panda seconda

panda seconda

panda dash
ZAM S.A.S. FIAT PANDA (seconda serie) (2005 - 2006)

First seen in Londen in the lake in Battersy Park
at the PANDAMONIUM manifestation organized by FIAT UK).

This self-built amphibian is based on a Panda 4x4, with an inflatable flotation belt, and the water jet propulsion is driven off the rear axle.

She crossed the English Channel in 6 hours on 21 July 2006


Iveco WM40 Terramare (2008)

Iveco WM40 Terramare (2008)

Iveco WM40 Terramare (2008)
ZAM S.A.S. IVECO 40.10 DIMOSTRATORE (2007 - 2008)

Maurizio Zanisi converted a Iveco Daily 4x4 to Amphib, in the past he build the amphibious Fiat Panda (left in the top photo)

This prototype did 20.000 km off/on-road testing and about 500 miles of water tests, half of that time in salt water.

A sea crossing, sponsored by Iveco was performed from Corsica island to Tuscany (16 hours).

This Experimental amphibious vehicle led to the development of a second prototype the Iveco Terramare, also build by the company Zam in connection with Iveco.
Iveco Terramare Proto type II (2010)

Iveco Terramare Proto type II (2010)

Iveco Terramare Proto type II (2010)

Iveco Terramare Proto type II (2010)
ZAM S.A.S. IVECO AV40E18W - PT0 (2009 - 2010)

This Amphib was produced with the Iveco trade mark and Iveco assistance and Iveco warranty.

2009 - 2010: IVECO AV40E18W PT0 "Earthsea"

Tests
(January 2010) sailed on the Ticino river with Fire Brigade from Novara.
Tests with new rudder system on water jet on Lake Magg

(July 2010) Presentation Orta San Giulio (IVECO).

(October 2010) Presentation on the Fair Carrara 4x4 and filmed interview with Network 4 (Planet Sea)

(October 2010) Navigation Carrara - Porto Venere

(September 2010) Presentation on the “Lunga Notte della Ricerca”
”Long Night of research" In the establishment provides IVECO D.V. Bolzano.
TerraMare

TerraMare

TerraMare

TerraMare

TT to exuma in front of Exuma
ZAM S.A.S. IVECO AV40E18W - PTN (Prototipo “Nave”) (2011)

Made on behalf of Belgian customer supplied as Tender on ship Exuma The vehicle was approved and registration (also as a vessel) and is still used for the displacements and exploration on land.
She is currently in Micronesia, where he arrived after being in California Polynesia, New Zealand and Australia.

The hull is build out of stainless steel.

This Amphib was produced with the Iveco trade mark
and Iveco assistance and Iveco warranty.

Engine: Iveco 3.000 turbo diesel 176 hp
Gearbox: 5 + 1 speed Iveco
Transfer-box: 2 speed Iveco
Full time 4WD with 3 differentials (all 3 manually lockable)
Front and rear independent axles
Brakes: 4 x disk
Water propulsion: Water-jet

Engine, gearbox, transfer-box and differentials are ALL inside the hull!

Moorea  mountains
On Moorea mountains.
TT to Exuma TT to Exuma TT to Exuma

Last 4 photos are send in by Claude from France
SeaLand Iveco
ZAM S.A.S. IVECO AV40E18W - PT1 "SeaLand" (2012 2013)

(July 2012) function and configuration testing by Quality IVECO D.V in Bolzano
(August 2012) Functional testing in water by Quality IVECO D.V.a Lazise
(October 2012) demonstration at the Genoa Boat Show (IVECO)
(October 2012) Event lake of Avignon (ZAM)
(February 2013) presentation on 'EDIS Fiera Milano Rho (ZAM)
(February 2013) presentation on Fiera Verona Transpotek (IVECO)
(May 2013) Operations support in water Michele Geraci, world champion
   of immersion. Lake of Avignon (ZAM)
(May 2013) Rally 4x4 historians in Fiano Turin organized by Marco Masoero.


No picture The final version of the Zam Iveco Terramare the SeaLand is an IVECO

So you can find it under IVECO



No picture Zhuk See AVP-093
ZIL 132 A

ZIL 132 A

ZIL 132 A

ZIL 132 A

ZIL 132 A

ZIL-132 A (1969)

Amphibious Off-Road Vehicle, Russia, USSR.
On August 1969 the the "ZIL-132 A" has seen the light.
It is a modified series production ZIL-135LM) (1962)
Displacement hull is designed as a fibreglass boat.
Frame is made from welded aluminium alloy.
The three seat cabin came from the ZIL-1E5L and is made ​​of fibreglass.

Engine: Gasoline, carburettor, eight-cylinder, V-twin, 7 litre 180 hp taken from the ZIL-375.
Gearbox: 5-speed + reverse, taken from the bus ZIL-158.
Transfer-box: two-stage transfer case with inter-side stowing differential.
Flat-bed and wheel gearboxes ratio 3.73 taken from the PES/ROM.
Front and rear axle have torsion bar suspension and steerable wheels.
The centre axle is rigidly attached to the frame.
Water propulsion: water-jet
Weight: 6500 kg Load: 4000 kg

Number of Seats:  3
Length: 7180 width: 2600 height: 2450 mm
Speed: 75 km/h water: 6 km
Fuel consumption 0.65 litre/km

ZIL created this vehicle on its own initiative without direction or planning agencies.

On this vehicle scientists first tested the installation of a jet engine VK-1A to
get the vehicle to the shore on a steep bank and then developed the idea further on the PES-1

As far as I can tell only 1 prototype was build and she is still in good condition.

She rests in the Military Museum Technical at Chernogolovka (Ivanovo) near Moscow.
ZIL  E134

ZIL  E134

ZIL  E134

ZIL  E134
ZIL E134 (1956)

Also know as ZIS E134 N° 2,  or VMS-E134 N° 2

The E134 N° 1 is the leaf spring truck version
 
The amphib version has no suspension but adjustable tire pressure
and it was the first amphibious ZIL.

Engine: 6-cylinder carburettor VMS-120VK tuned up to 130 hp
Gearbox: Torque converter from the ZIS-155 to 4 gears + rev type ZIS-150
Transfer-box: 2 gears from ZIS-151 with an extra PTO for the jet.

Length: 6584 Width: 2284 Height of cab: 2581 Height total: 2996 mm

Fuel consumption: 0,63 l/km.

Weight: 7800 kg Load: 3000 kg
Suspension: adjustable tire pressure
Water propulsion: water jet, borrowed from the tank PT-76

Speed land: 60 km/h BUT THE REEL MAXIMUM 40 km/h (lack of suspension) water: 6 km/h
ZIL 135 B

ZIL 135 B

ZIL 135 B

ZIL 135 B

ZIL 135 B
ZIL-135 (October 1958) (originally index as ZIL-137)

Build from the ZIL 135 truck (a multi purpose vehicle from rocket lancer to timber truck)
This ZIL 135 Amphib has a metal hull with an internal chassis

Engines: 2 x petrol 6-cylinder 123V ZIL 120 hp
Gearboxes: 2 x automatic
Weight: 9700 kg
The use of ultra low tire pressure made a suspension system obsolete.
The down side was the maximum road speed of 40 km/h and some resonance jumping effects.
On the plus side:
The very low vehicle weight
The very low centre of gravity
Length: 8575 wide: 2705 height: 2460 mm
She has two water jets.
Speed land: 55 km/h BUT THE REEL MAXIMUM 40 km/h (lack of suspension) water: 10 km/h
Transmission: 8x8
Fuel tanks: 4 x 150 litre
Fuel consumption: 1,2 litre/km.
two seat cabin
a centralized system of air pressure in the tires
a 12-volt electrical system
rounded welded metal displacement hull with a smooth bottom
two or three longitudinal bench to deliver 20 - 30 marines

It was still possible to drive here on a flat surface, with 2 flat tires on any wheel position.

In 1959 the ZIL-135 B got a rocket lancer on it's back but it can't swim with a rocket lancer on it back.
She is very unstable on the water and nearly capsized.
ZIL-135 B (1959) 3 where build
engine: 2 x 110 hp petrol ZIL-123F
Front and rear axle 200 mm moved total vehicle length now 9000 mm
ZIL-135B2 (1962) (also ZIL-135BP) one "plastic" amphibian was made from one of the old ZIL-135B.
The body was a more simplified and streamlined body (improved hydrodynamic properties)

ZIL 135 P

ZIL 135 P

ZIL 135 P

ZIL 135 P

ZIL 135 P
ZIL-135 P (1965)

VMS-135 II  8x8 Amphibious Off-Road Vehicle, Russia, USSR. designed by V. Gratchev.
The hull was, for the first time, made out of reinforced glass-fibre
It is an amphibious landing transport (landing barge)

Engines: 2 x 180 hp Ural-375 V-8 6.9 litre gasoline
Transmission: 2 x Hydraulic torque converter plus Automatic, planetary, 3-speed
Transfer Case:  2 x Planetary, two-stage gear ratios: 1st - 2.73, 2nd - 1.0
Wheel Final Drive: Tapered single-stage, gear ratio i = 2,273
Speed: land 65 water: 16.4 km/h
Weight: 11570 kg load: 6000 kg
Length: 13800 Width: 3150 Height: 3100 mm
Curb weight, 14000 kg load: 5000 kg or 22 people
Gross vehicle weight, 20000 kg
NO suspension what so ever
All-wheel air pressure control system for the 20-inch tires.
Fuel tank capacity is 560 litre Range: 400 km
Fuel consumption: 1 l/km
Crew: 4
Water drive: PTO from the tip of the crankshaft. Two pairs of bevel gears. Forward and reverse
Each engine drives a propeller with a diameter of 700 mm, installed in special ring shaped nozzles.
The propellers units (Schottel system) can move vertical up and down.
Water steering is carried out by means of the steering wheel and steering rods.

It was the first Soviet sea worthy amphibious vehicle that can cope with waves up to four points.
For more than 45 years ZIL-135P has hold the world Amphibious speed record (16.4 km/h)

There were two ZIL-135 P Amphibs build.

ZIL 135 P drive
ZIL-136

ZIL-136

ZIL-136
ZIL-136 (1957)

6X6 amphibious prototype

Engine: petrol 145 hp ZIS-110
Gearbox: ZIS-110
Transmission: H configuration - but no diff lock - bevel boxes to front and rear wheels
Suspension: only the big tyres
Adjustable Tyre pressure through the axles

Weight: 5250 kg

Water-propulsion: Hydro-jet


Hull: aluminium sheets connected with rivets
ZIL 153

ZIL 153

ZIL 153
ZIL-153 (1957)

Engine: 180 hp YAZ (L, V8) V-twin
Gearbox: 5 speed YAZ with hydraulic power converter
Suspension: independent torsion bar
Transmission: 1 differential in the middle and bevel-boxes to front and rear (H configure)
Weight: 10000 kg
Crew: 2 passengers:16
Length: 6970 Width: 2820 Height: 2130 mm

Water propulsion: 2 inboard water jets from ZIL-135B
Speed land 90 km/h water: 10 km/h
Range road: 600 km
She is 6x6 with 4 wheel, front and rear axle, steering

1 or 2 prototypes where build, one stands in the tank museum of Kubinki.

The brass preferred the GAZ-49 (BTR-60P) over the ZIL-153
ZIL-2906

ZIL-2906

ZIL-2906

ZIL-2906

ZIL-2906
ZIL-2906 (1972)

It is the prototype of the ZIL-29061

She has had many different engines many different controls and many problems
Like to open cockpit at Minus 40 °
But she was small and was able to crawl between the trees.

Engines-1: 2 X air cooled V-shaped 4-cylinder MeMZ-967A 37 hp (Zaporozhets passenger car).
Engines-2: 2 X liquid-cooled  (Lada passenger car).

Gearbox: Clutch to a planetary gear (2-stage) then to a 3-stage synchronized transmission
The gearboxes are on an angle of  45 ° to the engines.
On output of the gearbox was a reverse mechanism mounted (= same speed forward as in reverse)
The drive line torque then goes into the final drive (again an angle of 45 °)
which in turn rotates the screw propellers

Shifting gears in synchronized transmission uses 1 lever to shift gears in both boxes.
later they used 2 levers, 1 for the left gearbox and 1 for the right gearbox.

Another single lever was for changing both planetary gearboxes.

ZIL-2906

1 or 2 gas peddles ?
How does the steering wheel work?

Press the gas pedal to increased speed (both engines)
the steering wheel does not rotate. HUUUHELP, what does that mean ??

In the open passenger cabin there are seats for two crew members and for two astronauts.
29061

29061

29061

29061
ZIL-29061 (1979)

According to the developers, the ZIL-29061, was supposed to be a bit more then ZIL-2906
They increased its stability on water and improved climbing steep snow-covered hills

Used to recover cosmonauts when the Sojoez landed in a place even the Bleu-Bird could not go.
She had to fit in the back of the Bleu-Bird so the front ¨skids¨ are detachable.

Engines: 2 X liquid-cooled VAZ-2103 77 hp (mounted flywheel forward)

29061

Crew: 1 driver + 1 physician PLUS two bed-space for astronauts
Length: 4860 Width 2390 Height: 2200 mm
Weight: 1690 kg Load: 560 kg
Speed Swamp: 12 km/h Water: 13 km/h Snow: 25 km/h

Fuel consumption:    36 l/h
Fuel capacity:  80 l

At least 1 is restored and driven around in a restored Blue-Bird

Bav-A or Zil/Zis 485

ZIL 485 top view

Zil 485 side view
ZIL/ZIS 485 or BAV A or BAV one (1952)
(большой автомобиль водоплавающий)

"ZIL/ZiS" Amphibious 6x6 Truck, it is ZIL/ZIS-151 based.
The production started in 1956.

Special page

It looks like a DUKW, it swims like a Duck, but it has no winch on the back so it is NO DUKW. :-)
The winch is placed in the middle so it can winch the load up the rear loading ramp or the winch can be used on the front to pull the 485 out of the mud.

ZIS stands for Zavod Imeni Stalina, it was a factory in Moscow, Russia, USSR that had Stalin's name.

Length: 9540 width: 2480 hight: 2660
Weight: 7150 kg load land: 2500 kg load water: 3500 kg
Engine: 6 cylinder, 4-stroke-petrol, 5550 cm3 110 hp @ 2900 r/min
Speed land: 73 km/h water: 10,7 km/h (GPS speed)
Range 570-690 km average on the road, or it swims 70 km at maximum speed.
Water propulsion by a SHN-68 set screws
made ​​of aluminium alloy AMG-61ller

In 1957 the ZIL-485A was introduced. (improved 485)
It has bigger tyres and 350 kg more load.
The 485A is build on the chassis of the ZIL-157

Photo and info send in by Konstantin from Russia.

More ZIL vehicles can be found on

www.autogallery.org.ru/gzis.htm

4904 A

4904 B

4904 A

4904 old

4904 2014

4904 B diagram
ZIL-4904 (PEU-3/PES-3) (1972)

The largest ever built rotary auger-terrain vehicle.
The body was made ​​of fibreglass

1 passenger unit was build but later transformed into a cargo transporter:
PES-3A = 1 driver + 2 crew in the cockpit, 4 passengers in the cabin, X beds, kitchen, closets, search and navigation equipment (Sojoez) and communication devices.
PES-3B  = 1 driver + 3 crew and cargo.

Both had a different transmission set-up:
PES-3A had the engine in the rear PES-3B has the engine behind the cabin
4904 A diagram
4904 B diagram
1 - reducer,
2,7,10 - drive line,
3 - hydro mechanical transmission,
4 - screw propeller,
5 - engine ZIL-375
6 - final drive,
8 - main gear,
9 - steering clutches.
1 - engine ZIL-375,
2 - torque converter,
3 - hydro mechanical transmission,
4 - screw propeller,
5,10 - drive line,
6 - final drive,
8 - bevel gear,
9 - steering clutches.

Engine - 2 X carburettor V 8-ZIL-508.9 (ZIL-375) 180 hp
Gearbox: Torque converter to automatic 3-gear planetary to 2-stage gears
PES-3A = both engines go to 1 drive shaft then to a caterpillar diff
PES-3B = 1 engine to left side and 1 for the right side.
Both have steering clutches then to the bevel box

Screws were made ​​of a special alloy AMg-61
Length: 8300 Width: 3600 Height: 3440 mm
Weight: 8000 kg load: 2500 kg

Speed Snow: 10.5 Swamp: 7.3 Water: 10.1 km/h
Fuel A: 120 l -- Range: 100 km ????
Fuel B: 210 + 3 x 330 = 1200 l

Because of the large size and weight the use as search and recovery machine for Sojoez was considered unwise. Despite its ingenious design she found no useful purpose, and ultimately she was written off. But many of the ideas where used in the development of the ZIL 2906.

She is being restored by the Military Museum Technical at Chernogolovka (Ivanovo) near Moscow.
2 Blue Birds on tour

ZIL 4906

4906 with the 29061

Single crane
ZIL-4906 "Blue Bird" Cargo 1975 ~ 1991  - 12 units where build

They operated in a team of 1 cargo and 1 passenger vehicle to recover cosmonauts and there capsule.

"синяя птица" (Russian for Blue Bird)

Gearboxes: 5-speed manual
Transfer-box: 2-speed
Transmission: 1 central diff., H config drive-shafts then hydraulic couplers to wheel reducer gears
Speed land: 75 ~ 80 water: 10 km/h
Snail's speed = 0.86 km

Length: 9000  width: 2480 height: 2944 mm
Weight: 8400  Load: 3400 kg

Independent suspension on all wheels
Brakes: disk on all wheels
The tire pressure can be controlled from the cabin
Water-propulsion: Two propellers,

Cargo version 1:
Twin-boom crane installation for loading the Sojoez capsule itself.
and for (un)loading the ZIL-2906.
The ZIL-2906 was used for the evacuation of cosmonauts, when they landed in REEL inaccessible places.

Cargo version 2:
With a single boom crane for cargo and small containers.
ZIL 49061

ZIL cabin

medic

bird

ZIL game over
ZIL-49061 "Blue Bird" Passenger 1975 ~ 1991  - 14 units where build

"синяя птица" (Russian for Blue Bird)

Was used for the evacuation of cosmonauts, who landed sometimes in almost inaccessible places.

It is a 6WD and 4WS (the front and rear wheels are steering).

It has air conditioning in the front and the rear

Body is made of reinforced fibreglass
Chassis is made out of aluminium

Engine: ZIL-131 150 hp  -- Alternative Engines  136 ~ 185 hp
Engine: ZIL-508.10 carburettor V8 non Turbo:   150 hp

Gearboxes: 5-speed manual
Transfer-box: 2-speed planetary
Transmission: 1 central diff, H config drive-shafts then hydraulic couplers to wheel reducer gears
Speed land: 75 ~ 80 water: 10 km/h
Snail's speed = 0.86 km

Length: 9250 width: 2480 height: 2944 mm
Weight: 11850 Load: 950 kg and a crew of three

Independent suspension on all wheels
Brakes: disk on all wheels
The tire pressure can be controlled from the cabin
Water-propulsion: Two propellers,

The colour blue was chosen because it sticks out in the grass, snow and the woods.

Over 26 Blue Birds were build in various versions:
There was a time there where a bit neglected.

And it is nice to know that some Blue Birds are not only blue but also green or white.

ZIL white bird 49061

size

steering

drive shafts

gears
ZIL-49062  ?????? (TEM-1M)

   But maybe ZIL-4961 is the white one?

Search and rescue complex 490

Much info is ....!

Are the Green and the White (Blue) Birds included in the vehicle count?



On the left are a few very informative drawings.:

The first drawing shows that the bird can use some buoyancy aid

The second drawing shows the steering system:
Steering wheels do NOT point in the same strait line.
The outside wheel travels a bigger circle than the inner wheel.
So with the front and the rear wheel steering some serious calculation needs to be done.

The third drawing shows the drive shaft arrangement

The fourth drawing gives an idea of all the gears that are used.

What I do not see in the drawing are the hydraulic couplings (viscous couplings) to overcome the difference in wheels travel in a curve.

If viscous couplings are not used the same problems as in a Stolly are there:
The bevel-boxes will break on asphalted roads.
49065 antena
ZIL-49065  (1986)

This is a modified Bird with new radio and navigation equipment
(faster finding the spacecraft)



Now a days the landing site is accurate to calculate
So no more landing in the swamp and waiting 2 days for rescue.

There for exit Blue Bird
Proto ZIL 49042

Proto ZIL 49042

rest ZIL 49042

rest ZIL 49042




ZIL-49042 (16 November 1972)

Amphibious 6x6 Off-Road Vehicle, Russia, USSR.
From this Amphibian the Dark Blue Bird was developed.

Engine: Gasoline V-shaped 6 L, 8 cylinder, overhead valves. ZIL-130. 150 hp
Gearbox: conventional manual gearbox (ZIL-131)
Transfer box: to left and right side (2 gears??) with a diff locker
Curb weight: 6415 kg
Speed land: 80 km/h water: 9 km/h
Water propulsion: water jet
Fuel consumption: 0.5 l/km
Load: 2000 kg Front seats: 3 rear seats: 11
Length: 8960 Height: 2600 width: 2501 mm
Wheelbase: 2400 2400 mm Track: 2100 mm
Brakes: disk ?? but not located in the wheels, but in the engine housing??
Suspension: independent torsion bar front and rear wheels, central axle is ridged.

Power unit located at the rear.
Body originally painted in khaki military green. The factory called her the Crocodile.

Old ZIL 49042 Old ZIL 49042 Old ZIL 49042

In the past she was a bit neglected but she is OK now.

She was restored by the Military Museum Technical at Chernogolovka (Ivanovo) near Moscow.
ZIL-5901 (PEU-2)

ZIL-5901 (PEU-2)

ZIL-5901 (PEU-2)

ZIL-5901 (PEU-2)

ZIL-5901 (PEU-2)

expl view
ZIL-5901 (PEU-2/PES-2 ) (1969-1970)

Amphibious large cargo-passenger search and rescue vehicle

Build to recover the cosmonauts from the Sojoez capsule and the Sojoez capsule itself.
It was created on the base of the PEU-1, using parts of the giant ZIL-E167
The nose is cut for a bit more off-road freedom.
The body is also made of fibreglass.

Engine: 2 X petrol V-eight-cylinder OHV ZIL-375 180 hp
Both engine are in the rear, one Engine drives the wheels on the left, the other on the right.
Gearbox: automatic, hydro-mechanical from experimental Lviv bus LAZ 695ZH.
All the wheel and transmission brakes are disc-brakes.

Front and rear wheels steer and have torsion suspension
The centre axle is ridged

Weight: 16140 kg Load: 3000 kg Seats: 10
Length: 11665 Width 3275 Height: 3050 mm
Wheelbase: 3150 3150 mm Track: 2500 mm Clearance: 720 mm
Speed land: 73 km/h Water: 9 km/h
Water propulsion: water-jet

Crane lift: 1100 kg, hanging overboard with full boom.

Although the PEU/PES-2 was successfully tested on the roads and in and out of the water. This idea was abandoned, the rescue of the cosmonauts with one vehicle and the recovery of the capsule with a separately cargo vehicle was more time efficient for the cosmonauts.

5901
5901

She was restored by the Military Museum Technical at Chernogolovka (Ivanovo) near Moscow.
NHS

NHS

NHS

NHS
ZIL-SHN-67 to SHN-68 also PEU-G (1966-1967)

SHN-67 screws made of 2 mm steel sheet
SHN-68 screws made ​​of aluminium alloy AMG-61

Engine: carburettor V-8 ZIL-375YA 132 hp
Gearbox: Hydraulic torque converter to planetary, three gear then to planetary, two-stage
For the distribution of torque between the screws diff. and clutches of a crawler transporter K-61.
(on SHN-67) Final Drives - reverse gear with gears from airborne transmission ZIL-135L
(on SHN-68) Final two-stage, bevel-cylindrical gear (ZIL-130)

Length: 5532 Width: 3110 Height: 2025 mm
Drum length: 4200 Diameter, 800 mm
Weight: 3750 Load: 1250 kg

Fuel  capacity, 120 l
Fuel consumption, 50 to 85 l/h
Speed snow: 30 km/h water: 12.5 km/h

Seats: 3

Development ended in 1969  --  current location unknown.
PEU 1

PEU 1

PEU 1 M

PEU 1 M

PEU 1 rust

PEU 1 rust

PEU 1 restore
ZIL-PEU/PES 1      crane (1966)
ZIL-PEU/PES 1 M passenger (1972)
ZIL-PEU/PES 1 P  Longer (5500 mm) Crane boom (1974)

PES stands for Search and Evacuation Facility (= translated from Russian)

They where (build/used ??) until 1979

19 March 1965 Voskhod-2 landed not in the calculated location but in an impassable taiga region.
The astronauts had to wait two days for help.

She is a 6x6 with 4 wheel steering (first and last axle)
The wheels of the first and third pair have independent suspension.
The central axle has NO suspension!

Engine: Carburettor, V-shaped, overhead valve ZIL-375 180 hp
Gearbox: Automatic = torque converter to planetary manual 3-speed + 2-stage planetary shift.
Later: ?? : 4 gear hydro mechanical transmission ????
Transmission: Bevel box  - in wheel reducer gears.
Running gear is the same as ZIL-135.
Chassis: Aluminium alloy
Hull: Reinforced glass-fibre

Length: 8400 width: 2582 height: 2500 mm
Length and height with crane: 9618 - 3765 mm
Wheelbase: 2500 - 2500 mm Track: 2156 mm Clearance: 560 mm
Weight: 8170 kg load: 3000 kg
Speed land: 68 km/h water: 6.3 km/h
Fuel: 0,65 l/km

Crew: 4 people

It has a centralized regulation of tire pressure.
Water propulsion is by a water jet, driven from a PTO.

If the water jet fails in the water, movement can be achieved by the wheels.

At least one rests in the Military Museum Technical at Chernogolovka (Ivanovo) near Moscow.
ZIL PEU 1 R

ZIL PEU 1 R

ZIL PEU 1 R
ZIL PEU-1/PES-1 R (1984) Prototype

This is fun it has a gas turbine engine in the cargo bay.
turbine engine: 25[tl] thrust 1720 kg

It was first tried using the ZIL-132P
That jet gives so much trust it can clime a tree.

Down side, there is no more room for the cargo. ;-)
No Picture ZIL/PEU-2/PES-2 (1969 1970) same as the ZIL-5901
Zhejiang Kingpower Wildcat

Zhejiang Kingpower Wildcat

Zhejiang Kingpower Wildcat
Zhejiang Kingpower Wildcat (2009)

This vehicle WAS advertised as street legal in Germany! (2010)

Engine: 3-Cylinder 796 cc line 4-Stroke SOHC (EFI) 36hp @ 5500 r/m
Gearbox: CVT + 2 forward gears and 1 reverse
Starting: Electric
Water propulsion: water jet
Speed land: 60 water: 15 km/h
Length: 3160 width: 1620 height: 1150 mm
Wheelbase: 670 mm
Tread: 1380 mm
Ground clearance: 200 mm
Maximum climb capacity: 45 degree

Load land: 500 water: 300 kg or 4 Persons
Towing: 1200 kg
Brakes: Hydraulic
Fuel: 40 Litre
Steering: Handlebar Steering
Electric winch and a trailer hitch are standard.
Body: Compound Material
Zhejiang Kingpower Wildcat Zhejiang Kingpower KPAV 01 (2013)

Engine: 4JB1 (Diesel Turbo Charged) 90 hp
Gearbox: MT-75 (5+1 fully-synchronized)
Water propulsion: 2 x Propeller 400mm
Speed land: 110 - Water 11
Length: 5740 width: 1960 height: 2100 mm
Wheelbase: 3025 mm
Ground clearance: 240 mm
Maximum climb capacity: 28 degree

Load land: 350kg + 5 persons
Brakes: Hydraulic Disk type (front), Drum type (rear)
Fuel: 70 Litre
Steering: Power steering
Body: Stainless steel
Zhejiang Kingpower Wildcat Zhejiang Kingpower KPAV 03 (2013)

Engine:
Gearbox:
Water propulsion:
Speed land: xx - Water xx
Length: xx width: xx height: xx mm
Wheelbase: xx mm
Ground clearance: 240 mm
Maximum climb capacity: xx degree

Load land: 5000 kg off road: 3500 kg water: 5000 kg
Brakes:
Fuel: xx Litre
Steering: xx
Body: Stainless steel
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